Demand for milk labels in Germany: organic milk, conventional brands, and retail labels
German milk brands have come under significant price pressure due to the introduction of retail labels at the lower price end and of organic milk as a premium product. This analysis provides elasticity estimates by milk types and analyzes sociodemographic determinants of demand. A censored system of German household demand for organic and conventional milk, further separated into retail-label and brand milk, is estimated using a two-step procedure on data from the 2000-2003 German GfK ConsumerScan Houshold Survey. Own-price elasticities of conventional milk are around unity, but the demand for organic milk is very price-elastic. Results suggest that the price of organic milk should be considered as an important marketing instrument. [JEL-Code: D12, Q11]. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume (Year): 24 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
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