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Explaining The Prevalence Of The Informal Economy In The Baltics: An Institutional Asymmetry Perspective

Listed author(s):
  • Williams Colin C.

    ()

    (Colin C. WILLIAMS, Sheffield University Management School, University of Sheffield, Conduit Road, Sheffield S10 1FL, UK)

  • Horodnic Ioana A.

    ()

    (Ioana A. HORODNIC, Department of Management, Marketing and Business Administration, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania.)

Reporting a 2013 Eurobarometer survey of participation in the informal economy across eight Baltic countries, this paper tentatively explains the informal economy from an institutional perspective as associated with the asymmetry between the codified laws and regulations of the formal institutions (state morality) and the norms, values and beliefs of citizens (civic morality). Identifying that this non-alignment of civic morality with the formal rules is more acute when there is greater poverty and inequality, less effective redistribution and lower levels of state intervention in the labour market and welfare, the implications for theorising and tackling the informal economy are then discussed.

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File URL: https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/esrp.2015.22.issue-2/esrp-2015-0029/esrp-2015-0029.xml?format=INT
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Article provided by De Gruyter Open in its journal European Spatial Research and Policy.

Volume (Year): 22 (2015)
Issue (Month): 2 (December)
Pages: 127-145

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Handle: RePEc:vrs:eusprp:v:22:y:2015:i:2:p:127-145:n:7
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  1. Ted London & Stuart L Hart, 2004. "Reinventing strategies for emerging markets: beyond the transnational model," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 35(5), pages 350-370, September.
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  3. Williams Colin, 2009. "Evaluating the Extent and Nature of ‘Envelope Wages’ in the European Union: A Geographical Analysis," European Spatial Research and Policy, De Gruyter Open, vol. 16(1), pages 115-129, June.
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