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Emerging health isues in Asia and the Pacific: implications for public health policy

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  • Amarakoon Bandara

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Abstract

The Asia-Pacific region is confronted with several emerging healthrelated issues. The prevalence of diseases causing high rates of mortality and morbidity, and the lack of skilled health personnel, infrastructure, financial resources and health systems that are responsive to the needs of society, are among them. A pragmatic approach with a focus on issues of major health and socio-economic concern is vital for the development of successful public health services. Striking a balance between different service providers taking into account overall resource constraints, efficacy of service delivery and welfare gains is a key challenge for many countries in the region. While the governments of poor countries need to reinforce their involvement in public health service delivery, its role in other areas could be more of a policymaker and a regulator providing stewardship to different stakeholders. The paper proposes a dual track-approach to health intervention, and highlights the need for prioritization of interventions, better targeting, and effective pooling of both public and private resources in making public health systems efficient and sustainable. Policy reforms that encourage private sector participation in health service delivery and health insurance, and a regulatory framework to protect the environment could be important elements of a re-oriented health policy agenda.

Suggested Citation

  • Amarakoon Bandara, 2005. "Emerging health isues in Asia and the Pacific: implications for public health policy," Asia-Pacific Development Journal, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), vol. 12(2), pages 33-58, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:unt:jnapdj:v:12:y:2005:i:2:p:33-58
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    mobidity; diseases; health insurance; social impact;

    JEL classification:

    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • I11 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Analysis of Health Care Markets
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health

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