The Use of Replacement Workers in Union Contract Negotiations: The U.S. Experience, 1980-1989
It is argued in many circles that a structural change occurred in U.S. collective bargaining in the 1980s. The authors investigate the extent to which the hiring of replacement workers can account for these changes. For a sample of over 300 major strikes since 1980, they estimate the likelihood of replacements being hired. Reducing the replacement risk to the pre-1982 levels would have led to a reduction in the dispute incidence by 5 percentage points, an increase in the fraction of disputes involving a strike by 4 percentage points, and an increase in the strike incidence by 0.8 percentage points. Copyright 1998 by University of Chicago Press.
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