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The Economic Growth Impact of Hurricanes: Evidence from U.S. Coastal Counties

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  • Eric Strobl

    (Ecole Polytechnique Paris)

Abstract

I estimate the impact of hurricane strikes on local economic growth rates. To this end, I assemble a panel data set of U.S. coastal counties' growth rates and construct a novel hurricane destruction index that is based on a monetary loss equation, local wind speed estimates derived from a physical wind field model, and local exposure characteristics. The econometric results suggest that a county's annual economic growth rate falls on average by 0.45 percentage points, 28%% of it due to richer individuals moving away from affected counties. I also find that the impact of hurricanes is netted out in annual terms at the state level and does not affect national economic growth rates at all. © 2011 The President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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  • Eric Strobl, 2011. "The Economic Growth Impact of Hurricanes: Evidence from U.S. Coastal Counties," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 93(2), pages 575-589, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:93:y:2011:i:2:p:575-589
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    1. Eric Strobl & Frank Walsh, 2009. "The Re-Building Effect of Hurricanes: Evidence from Employment in the US Construction Industry," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 29(4), pages 3059-3066.
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    JEL classification:

    • E0 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General

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