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The Economic Growth Impact of Hurricanes: Evidence from US Coastal Counties

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  • Strobl, Eric

    () (Aix-Marseille University)

Abstract

We estimate the impact of hurricane strikes on local economic growth rates and how this is reflected in more aggregate growth patterns. To this end we assemble a panel data set of US coastal counties’ growth rates and construct a hurricane destruction index that is based on a monetary loss equation, local wind speed estimates derived from a physical wind field model, and local exposure characteristics. Our econometric results suggest that in response to a hurricane strike a county’s annual economic growth rate will initially fall by 0.8, but then partially recover by 0.2 percentage points. While the pattern is qualitatively similar at the state level, the net effect over the long term is negligible. Hurricane strikes do not appear to be economically important enough to be reflected in national economic growth rates.

Suggested Citation

  • Strobl, Eric, 2008. "The Economic Growth Impact of Hurricanes: Evidence from US Coastal Counties," IZA Discussion Papers 3619, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3619
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    US coastal counties; economic growth; hurricanes;

    JEL classification:

    • E0 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General

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