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How Effective Are Capital Controls in Asia?

Author

Listed:
  • Maria Socorro Gochoco-Bautista

    () (Economics and Research Department Asian Development Banka 6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City 1550 Metro Manila, Philippines)

  • Juthathip Jongwanich

    () (School of Management, Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand)

  • Jong-Wha Lee

    () (Department of Economics, Korea University)

Abstract

This study examines the effects of capital account restrictions on capital flows in nine emerging Asian economies using panel regressions with 75 economies and fixed effects over the period 1995–2007. The results show that effectiveness of capital controls in the nine emerging Asian economies varies by asset type and by direction of flow and may differ from that in the rest of the world. For example, unlike in the rest of the world, the use of controls on capital outflows in emerging Asia actually increases the amount of these outflows. This finding suggests that it may be best for emerging market economies in Asia to liberalize rather than constrain capital outflows if they want to prevent such outflows. © 2012 The Earth Institute at Columbia University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria Socorro Gochoco-Bautista & Juthathip Jongwanich & Jong-Wha Lee, 2012. "How Effective Are Capital Controls in Asia?," Asian Economic Papers, MIT Press, vol. 11(2), pages 122-143, Summer.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:asiaec:v:11:y:2012:i:2:p:122-143
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Sebastian Edwards, 2007. "Capital Controls and Capital Flows in Emerging Economies: Policies, Practices and Consequences," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number edwa06-1.
    2. Edwards, Sebastian & Rigobon, Roberto, 2009. "Capital controls on inflows, exchange rate volatility and external vulnerability," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(2), pages 256-267, July.
    3. Nicolas Magud & Carmen M. Reinhart, 2007. "Capital Controls: An Evaluation," NBER Chapters,in: Capital Controls and Capital Flows in Emerging Economies: Policies, Practices and Consequences, pages 645-674 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Jonathan David Ostry & Atish R. Ghosh & Karl F Habermeier & Marcos Chamon & Mahvash S Qureshi & Dennis B. S. Reinhardt, 2010. "Capital Inflows; The Role of Controls," IMF Staff Position Notes 2010/04, International Monetary Fund.
    5. De Gregorio, Jose & Edwards, Sebastian & Valdes, Rodrigo O., 2000. "Controls on capital inflows: do they work?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 59-83, October.
    6. Lane, Philip R. & Milesi-Ferretti, Gian Maria, 2007. "The external wealth of nations mark II: Revised and extended estimates of foreign assets and liabilities, 1970-2004," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(2), pages 223-250, November.
    7. Akira Ariyoshi & Andrei A Kirilenko & Inci Ötker & Bernard J Laurens & Jorge I Canales Kriljenko & Karl F Habermeier, 2000. "Capital Controls; Country Experiences with Their Use and Liberalization," IMF Occasional Papers 190, International Monetary Fund.
    8. Barry Eichengreen & Ricardo Hausmann, 1999. "Exchange rates and financial fragility," Proceedings - Economic Policy Symposium - Jackson Hole, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, pages 329-368.
    9. Sebastian Edwards, 2007. "Introduction to "Capital Controls and Capital Flows in Emerging Economies: Policies, Practices and Consequences"," NBER Chapters,in: Capital Controls and Capital Flows in Emerging Economies: Policies, Practices and Consequences, pages 1-18 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Zhang, Longmei & Zoli, Edda, 2016. "Leaning against the wind: Macroprudential policy in Asia," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 33-52.
    2. Pierre-Richard Agénor & Luiz A. Pereira da Silva, 2013. "Inflation Targeting and Financial Stability: A Perspective from the Developing World," Working Papers Series 324, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    3. Li, Jie & Rajan, Ramkishen S., 2015. "Do capital controls make gross equity flows to emerging markets less volatile?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 220-244.
    4. Bruno, Valentina & Shim, Ilhyock & Shin, Hyun Song, 2017. "Comparative assessment of macroprudential policies," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 183-202.
    5. IRC Task Force on IMF issues & Broos, Menno & Ghalanos, Michalis & Kennedy, Bernard & Landbeck, Alexander & Lerner, Christina & Menezes, Paula & Schiavone, Alessandro & Tilley, Thomas & Viani, Frances, 2016. "Dealing with large and volatile capital flows and the role of the IMF," Occasional Paper Series 180, European Central Bank.
    6. Pornpinun Chantapacdepong & Ilhyock Shim, 2014. "Correlations across Asia-Pacific bond markets and the impact of capital flow measures," BIS Working Papers 472, Bank for International Settlements.
    7. Chalongphob Sussangkarn, 2017. "Managing Economic Stability under Volatile Capital Flows: East Asia Perspectives," Asian Economic Papers, MIT Press, vol. 16(1), pages 174-192, Winter/Sp.
    8. Sen Gupta, Abhijit & Sengupta, Rajeswari, 2014. "Capital Flows and Capital Account Management in Selected Asian Economies," MPRA Paper 80330, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 Apr 2016.
    9. Hal Hill & Maria Socorro Gochoco- Bautista, 2013. "Perspectives and issues," Chapters,in: Asia Rising, chapter 1, pages 3-45 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    10. Gochoco-Bautista, Maria Socorro & Francisco, Ruth H., 2011. "Effectiveness of Capital Restrictions: Do Regional and Income Differences Matter?," ADB Economics Working Paper Series 261, Asian Development Bank.
    11. Gochoco-Bautista, Maria Socorro & Remolona, Eli M., 2012. "Going Regional: How to Deepen ASEAN's Financial Markets," ADB Economics Working Paper Series 300, Asian Development Bank.
    12. Jongwanich, Juthathip & Kohpaiboon, Archanun, 2012. "Effectiveness of Capital Controls: Evidence from Thailand," Asian Development Review, Asian Development Bank, vol. 29(2), pages 50-93.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    capital flows; de jure capital controls; effectiveness; Asia;

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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