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Polarization Trends Across The European Regions

  • Roberto EZCURRA

    ()

    (Department of Economics, Universidad Pública de Navarra, Spain)

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    This paper examines the level of polarization in the distribution of GDP per capita in 263 European regions over the period 1995-2008. To that end I have completed the non-parametric analysis of the external shape of the distribution with the information provided by a series of measures proposed by Esteban and Ray (1994) and Esteban et al. (2007). The results show a reduction in the degree of polarization across the European regions throughout the study period. This conclusion does not depend on the specific number of groups considered in the analysis and the value assigned to the polarization sensitivity parameter. The analysis carried out also shows that polarization and spatial autocorrelation have followed a similar trend between 1995 and 2008, which reveals the importance of the geographical location of the various regions in explaining the variations registered by the distribution of GDP per capita over time.

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    File URL: http://region-developpement.univ-tln.fr/fr/pdf/R38/2_Ezcurra.pdf
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    Article provided by Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var in its journal Région et Développement.

    Volume (Year): 38 (2013)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 11-26

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    Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:38:y:2013:p:11-26
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    1. Roberto Ezcurra & Manuel Rap�N, 2007. "Regional Dynamics And Convergence Profiles In The Enlarged European Union: A Non-Parametric Approach," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 98(5), pages 564-584, December.
    2. Quah, Danny, 1997. "Empirics for Growth and Distribution: Stratification, Polarization, and Convergence Clubs," CEPR Discussion Papers 1586, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    4. Julie Le Gallo & Sandy Dall’erba, 2005. "Spatial And Sectoral Productivity Convergence Between European Regions, 1975-2000," ERSA conference papers ersa05p191, European Regional Science Association.
    5. Quah, Danny, 1996. "Twin Peaks: Growth and Convergence in Models of Distribution Dynamics," CEPR Discussion Papers 1355, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Cem Ertur & Wilfried Koch, 2006. "Regional disparities in the European Union and the enlargement process: an exploratory spatial data analysis, 1995–2000," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 40(4), pages 723-765, December.
    7. Paul Krugman, 1990. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," NBER Working Papers 3275, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Bianchi, Marco, 1997. "Testing for Convergence: Evidence from Non-parametric Multimodality Tests," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(4), pages 393-409, July-Aug..
    9. Wolfson, Michael C, 1994. "When Inequalities Diverge," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(2), pages 353-58, May.
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    13. Esteban, Joan & Ray, Debraj, 1994. "On the Measurement of Polarization," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 62(4), pages 819-51, July.
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    16. Joan Esteban & Carlos Gradín & Debraj Ray, 2007. "An Extension of a Measure of Polarization, with an application to the income distribution of five OECD countries," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 1-19, April.
    17. Anderson, Gordon, 2004. "Toward an empirical analysis of polarization," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 122(1), pages 1-26, September.
    18. Wang, You-Qiang & Tsui, Kai-Yuen, 2000. " Polarization Orderings and New Classes of Polarization Indices," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 2(3), pages 349-63.
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    22. Quah, Danny T, 1997. " Empirics for Growth and Distribution: Stratification, Polarization, and Convergence Clubs," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 27-59, March.
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