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How 'Provincial' Is Your Region? Openness and Regional Performance in Europe


  • Alfonso Gambardella
  • Myriam Mariani
  • Salvatore Torrisi


Gambardella A., Mariani M. and Torrisi S. How 'provincial' is your region? Openness and regional performance in Europe, Regional Studies. By employing 1995-2000 data on European regions, an index of regional openness is constructed based on the share of hotels in the population and the share of the population that speaks a second language. This index has an impact on regional performance after controlling for technological capabilities, agglomeration economies, and other factors. Apart from a direct effect of openness, an indirect effect was found coming through patents. This suggests that open regions tap into wider knowledge networks that then affect performance. From a policy perspective, making a region less 'provincial' can be as important as investments in local infrastructures and networks. [image omitted] Gambardella A., Mariani M. und Torrisi S. Wie 'provinziell' ist Ihre Region? Offenheit und regionale Leistung in Europa, Regional Studies. Unter Nutzung von Daten uber europaische Regionen im Zeitraum von 1995 bis 2000 konstruieren wir einen Index der regionalen Offenheit anhand des Anteils von Hotels an der Bevolkerung sowie des Anteils der Bevolkerung mit Fremdsprachenkenntnissen. Dieser Index wirkt sich auf die regionale Leistung aus, wenn man auf technologische Fahigkeiten, Agglomerationswirtschaften und weitere Faktoren kontrolliert. Abgesehen von einer direkten Auswirkung der Offenheit stellen wir eine indirekte Auswirkung durch Patente fest. Dies weist darauf hin, dass sich offene Regionen breitere Wissensnetzwerke zunutze machen, welche sich ihrerseits auf die Leistung auswirken. Von der politischen Warte aus betrachtet kann es genauso wichtig sein, eine Region weniger 'provinziell' zu machen, wie es wichtig ist, in lokale Infrastrukturen und Netzwerke zu investieren. Ouverture Performance regionale Avantages regionaux Technologies Regions europeennes Gambardella A., Mariani M. y Torrisi S. ¿Como es de 'provincial' tu region? Accesibilidad y desempeno regional en Europa, Regional Studies. Empleando datos de 1995-2000 sobre las regiones europeas, construimos un indice de accesibilidad regional basado en la proporcion de hoteles en la poblacion y la proporcion de la poblacion que habla una segunda lengua. Este indice tiene un efecto en el desempeno regional si se controlan las capacidades tecnologicas, las economias de aglomeracion y otros factores. Aparte de un efecto directo de accesibilidad, observamos un efecto indirecto que procede de las patentes. Esto sugiere que las regiones abiertas aprovechan redes mas amplias de conocimiento que luego afectan al desempeno. Desde una perspectiva politica, puede ser tan importante conseguir que una region sea menos 'provincial' como invertir en infraestructuras y redes locales. Gambardella A., Mariani M. et Torrisi S. Dans quelle mesure votre region est-elle provinciale? Ouverture et performance regionale en Europe, Regional Studies. Nous appuyant sur des donnees sur les regions europeennes pour la periode 1995-2000, nous etablissons un indice d'ouverture regionale base sur la proportion d'hotels par rapport a la population et sur la proportion de la population qui parle une deuxieme langue. Cet indice a un impact sur les performances regionales d'apres le controle des capacites technologiques, des economies d'agglomeration et d'autres facteurs. Outre un effet d'ouverture direct, nous observons un effet indirect cause par les brevets. Cela laisse a penser que les regions ouvertes puisent dans des reseaux de connaissances beaucoup plus larges, ce qui entraine un effet sur les performances. Dans une perspective politique, il peut etre aussi important de rendre une region moins provinciale que d'investir dans des infrastructures et des reseaux locaux. Offenheit Regionale Leistung Regionale Vorteile Technologie Europaische Regionen Accesibilidad Desempeno regional Ventajas regionales Tecnologia Regiones europeas

Suggested Citation

  • Alfonso Gambardella & Myriam Mariani & Salvatore Torrisi, 2009. "How 'Provincial' Is Your Region? Openness and Regional Performance in Europe," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(7), pages 935-947.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:43:y:2009:i:7:p:935-947
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400801932268

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    Cited by:

    1. Nune Hovhannisyan & Wolfgang Keller, 2015. "International business travel: an engine of innovation?," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 20(1), pages 75-104, March.
    2. Castellani, Davide & Pieri, Fabio, 2013. "R&D offshoring and the productivity growth of European regions," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 42(9), pages 1581-1594.
    3. repec:eee:touman:v:52:y:2016:i:c:p:242-253 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Agrawal, Ajay & Galasso, Alberto & Oettl, Alexander, 2014. "Roads and Innovation," CEPR Discussion Papers 10113, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Tani, Massimiliano & Joyeux, Roselyne, 2013. "Do Business Visits Cause Productivity Growth?," IZA Discussion Papers 7827, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item


    Openness; Regional performance; Regional advantages; Technology; European regions;

    JEL classification:

    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes


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