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How ‘Provincial is Your Region? Openness and Regional Performance in Europe

Author

Listed:
  • Alfonso Gambardella

    () (KITeS, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy)

  • Myriam Mariani

    () (KITeS, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy)

  • Salvatore Torrisi

    (KITeS, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, and University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy)

Abstract

By employing 1995-2000 data on European regions we construct an index of regional openness based on the share of hotels on population and the share of population that speaks a second language. This index has an impact on regional performance after controlling for technological capabilities, agglomeration economies, and other factors. Apart from a direct effect of openness, we find an indirect effect coming through patents. This suggests that open regions tap into wider knowledge networks that then affect performance. From a policy perspective, making a region less provincial can be as important as investments in local infrastructures and networks.

Suggested Citation

  • Alfonso Gambardella & Myriam Mariani & Salvatore Torrisi, 2009. "How ‘Provincial is Your Region? Openness and Regional Performance in Europe," KITeS Working Papers 006, KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy, revised Apr 2009.
  • Handle: RePEc:cri:cespri:wp233
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    Cited by:

    1. Nune Hovhannisyan & Wolfgang Keller, 2015. "International business travel: an engine of innovation?," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 20(1), pages 75-104, March.
    2. Castellani, Davide & Pieri, Fabio, 2013. "R&D offshoring and the productivity growth of European regions," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 42(9), pages 1581-1594.
    3. Agrawal, Ajay & Galasso, Alberto & Oettl, Alexander, 2014. "Roads and Innovation," CEPR Discussion Papers 10113, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Tani, Massimiliano & Joyeux, Roselyne, 2013. "Do Business Visits Cause Productivity Growth?," IZA Discussion Papers 7827, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    5. repec:eee:touman:v:52:y:2016:i:c:p:242-253 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    openness; regional performance; regional advantages; technology; European regions.;

    JEL classification:

    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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