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Development of New Members' EU Trade: Evidence from the Slovenian Agri-Food Sector


  • Darja Majkovic
  • Stefan Bojnec
  • Jernej Turk


With the recent enlargement of the European Union (EU), ten new member states (NMS) have entered the borderless Single European Market (SEM) and adopted common EU policies in trade with third countries. This policy change causes trade creation effects within the borderless SEM and trade diversion effects in trade with third countries. Slovenia is a typical example of trade creation effects within the enlarged EU-25 and trade diversion effects particularly with traditional former Yugoslav markets. We investigate Slovenian agri-food trade structures and trade types prior to and after EU accession in 2004 to evaluate a turning point for development of Slovenian agri-food trade. Trade creation effects are found to be much more significant in Slovenian imports than exports, indicating lack of Slovenian export competitiveness.

Suggested Citation

  • Darja Majkovic & Stefan Bojnec & Jernej Turk, 2007. "Development of New Members' EU Trade: Evidence from the Slovenian Agri-Food Sector," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(2), pages 209-223.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:pocoec:v:19:y:2007:i:2:p:209-223
    DOI: 10.1080/14631370701312303

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. A. Mordonu, 2006. "Measuring trade diversion-the case of Russian exports in the advent of EU enlargement," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 06/394, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    2. Lionel Fontagné & Michaël Freudenberg & Nicolas Peridy, 1997. "Trade Patterns Inside the Single Market," Working Papers 1997-07, CEPII research center.
    3. Paas, Tiiu & Tafenau, Egle, 2005. "European trade integration in the Baltic Sea Region - A gravity model based analysis," HWWA Discussion Papers 331, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
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    Cited by:

    1. Nekhay, Olexandr & Gay, Stephan Hubertus & Fellmann, Thomas, 2011. "A Free Trade between Ukraine and the European Union: Challenges and Opportunities for Agricultural Markets," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland 114616, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    2. Goran Buturac & Željko Lovrinèeviæ & Davor Mikuliæ, 2017. "International Competitiveness and Restructuring of the Croatian Food Industry," Acta Oeconomica, Akadémiai Kiadó, Hungary, vol. 67(3), pages 435-462, September.

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