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Liquidity determination in an order-driven market

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  • Jón Daníelsson
  • Richard Payne

Abstract

We exploit full order level information from an electronic FX broking system to provide a comprehensive account of the determination of its liquidity. We not only look at bid-ask spreads and trading volumes, but also study the determination of order entry rates and depth measures derived from the entire limit order book. We find strong predictability in the arrival of liquidity supply/demand events. Further, in times of low (high) liquidity, liquidity supply (demand) events are more common. In times of high trading activity and volatility, the ratio of limit to market order arrivals is high but order book spreads and depth deteriorate. These results are consistent with market order traders having better information than limit order traders.

Suggested Citation

  • Jón Daníelsson & Richard Payne, 2012. "Liquidity determination in an order-driven market," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(9), pages 799-821, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:eurjfi:v:18:y:2012:i:9:p:799-821
    DOI: 10.1080/1351847X.2011.601654
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jón Daníelsson & Francisco Peñaranda, 2011. "On The Impact Of Fundamentals, Liquidity, And Coordination On Market Stability," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 52(3), pages 621-638, August.
    2. Teplova, Tamara V. & Rodina, Victoria A., 2016. "Does stock exchange consolidation improve market liquidity? A study of stock exchange acquisition in Russia," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 375-390.
    3. Danny Lo, 2015. "Essays in Market Microstructure and Investor Trading," PhD Thesis, Finance Discipline Group, UTS Business School, University of Technology, Sydney, number 22.
    4. Bjonnes, Geir Hoidal & Rime, Dagfinn & Solheim, Haakon O.Aa., 2005. "Liquidity provision in the overnight foreign exchange market," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 175-196, March.
    5. repec:eee:jimfin:v:77:y:2017:i:c:p:199-215 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Tóth, Bence & Palit, Imon & Lillo, Fabrizio & Farmer, J. Doyne, 2015. "Why is equity order flow so persistent?," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 218-239.
    7. repec:eee:mulfin:v:40:y:2017:i:c:p:47-62 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Lilian de Menezes & Marianna Russo & Giovanni Urga, 2016. "Identifying Drivers of Liquidity in the NBP Month-ahead Market," EcoMod2016 9570, EcoMod.

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