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Human capital, age structure and growth fluctuations

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  • Jesus Crespo Cuaresma
  • Tapas Mishra

Abstract

This article assesses the empirical relationship between per capita income growth fluctuations and the age-structured human capital variations across four groups of geographically clustered developed and developing countries from spatial perspective. We estimate a spatial Vector Autoregressive (VAR) model of income dynamics where the distance between countries is defined on relational space based on their similarity in appropriation tendency of human capital in the production processes. These distances are computed using a newly developed human capital data set which fully characterizes the demographic structure of human capital, and thus underlines the joint relevance of demography and human capital in economic growth. Spatial effects on growth interdependence and complementarity are then explored with respect to the proposed distance metrics. Our results imply that significant cross-country growth interdependence based on human capital distances exists among defined country groups suggesting the need for a cooperative policy programme among them. We also find that the relationship between economic growth and human capital is highly nonlinear as a function of the proposed human capital distance.

Suggested Citation

  • Jesus Crespo Cuaresma & Tapas Mishra, 2011. "Human capital, age structure and growth fluctuations," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(28), pages 4311-4329.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:43:y:2011:i:28:p:4311-4329
    DOI: 10.1080/00036846.2010.491453
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    Cited by:

    1. Mishra, Tapas & Jumah, Adusei & Parhi, Mamata, 2008. "Age-structured Human Capital and Spatial Total Factor Productivity Dynamics," Economics Series 226, Institute for Advanced Studies.
    2. Tapas Mishra & Bazoumana Ouattara & Mamata Parhi, 2011. "A Note on Shock Persistence in Total Factor Productivity Growth," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 31(2), pages 1869-1893.

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