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Minimum wage or negative income tax: why skilled workers may favor wage rigidities

  • Maya Bacache-Beauvallet

    ()

  • Etienne Lehmann

    ()

This article studies the political choice over the extent and the means of income redistribution between high and low skilled workers. Redistributive tools encompass fiscal transfers with negative income tax and minimum wage. Using fiscal instruments only is assumed optimal. We show that high skilled workers may favor a second-best minimum wage requirement. This is because minimum wage increases unemployment, hence the marginal cost of redistribution is higher which gives a pretext for high skilled workers to moderate low skilled workers claim for income redistribution.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s10108-007-9034-2
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Article provided by Springer in its journal Spanish Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 10 (2008)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
Pages: 63-81

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Handle: RePEc:spr:specre:v:10:y:2008:i:1:p:63-81
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  1. Saint-Paul, Gilles, 1995. "Labour Market Institutions and the Cohesion of the Middle Class," CEPR Discussion Papers 1298, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. repec:ner:tilbur:urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-84119 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Persson, Torsten & Tabellini, Guido, 1999. "Political economics and macroeconomic policy," Handbook of Macroeconomics, in: J. B. Taylor & M. Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 22, pages 1397-1482 Elsevier.
  4. Herwig Immervoll, 2004. "Average and Marginal Effective Tax Rates Facing Workers in the EU: A Micro-Level Analysis of Levels, Distributions and Driving Factors," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 19, OECD Publishing.
  5. Steve Nickell & Jan van Ours, 2000. "The Netherlands and the United Kingdom: a European unemployment miracle?," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 15(30), pages 135-180, 04.
  6. Piketty, Thomas, 1999. "Can fiscal redistribution undo skill-biased technical change?: Evidence from the French experience," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(4-6), pages 839-851, April.
  7. Epstein, Gil S. & Nitzan, Shmuel, 1999. "The Endogenous Determination of Minimum Wage," IZA Discussion Papers 73, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. van Ours, J.C. & Nickell, S.J., 2000. "The Netherlands and the United Kingdom : A European unemployment miracle?," Other publications TiSEM 8dc4101d-6e72-44dd-9ab0-4, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
  9. Russell S. Sobel, 1999. "Theory and Evidence on the Political Economy of the Minimum Wage," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(4), pages 761-785, August.
  10. Kau, James B & Rubin, Paul H, 1978. "Voting on Minimum Wages: A Time-Series Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(2), pages 337-42, April.
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