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Social and Economic Indicators of Household Income in Turkey: Does Ethnicity Matter?

Author

Listed:
  • Emre Toros

    (Atilim University)

  • Seyit Cilasun

    (Atilim University)

  • Aykut Toros

    (Girne American University of Northern Cyprus)

Abstract

In Turkey, the GDP per capita of eastern regions, where the Kurdish population is dense, is significantly lower than that of the rest of the country. The aim of this paper is to provide a quantitative analysis to investigate the contribution of household characteristics and regional disparities on racial/ethnic inequalities in household income, particularly across Turks and Kurds. Based on the results of regression-based decomposition analyses, there exist significant income differences between Turks and Kurds. However, this difference significantly diminishes if the household head is working. It is also observed that the household income increases with education, while decreases with migration and being settled in economically disadvantaged regions. Results also indicate that differential returns to Turks and Kurds on observable characteristics are lower in higher income quintiles

Suggested Citation

  • Emre Toros & Seyit Cilasun & Aykut Toros, 2018. "Social and Economic Indicators of Household Income in Turkey: Does Ethnicity Matter?," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 140(1), pages 191-208, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:soinre:v:140:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s11205-017-1762-6
    DOI: 10.1007/s11205-017-1762-6
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ethnicity; Inequality; Household income; Decomposition analyses; Turkey;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • R20 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - General
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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