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Migration and Regional Convergence: An Empirical Investigation for Turkey

  • Kirdar, Murat
  • Saracoglu, Sirin

The standard growth model predicts that allowing for labor mobility across regions would increase the speed of convergence in per capita income levels and that migration has a negative causal impact on regional growth rates. Although the empirical literature has uncovered some evidence for the former implication, the latter has not been verified empirically. This paper provides empirical evidence for the negative causal impact of migration on provincial growth rates in a developing country with a high level of internal migration that is characterized by unskilled labor exiting rural areas for urban centers. We utilize an instrumental variables estimation method with an instrument unique to the country examined, and we also control for provincial fixed effects.

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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/2648/1/MPRA_paper_2648.pdf
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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 2648.

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Date of creation: Apr 2007
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:2648
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  1. Caselli, Francesco & Esquivel, Gerardo & Lefort, Fernando, 1996. " Reopening the Convergence Debate: A New Look at Cross-Country Growth Empirics," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 1(3), pages 363-89, September.
  2. Shioji, Etsuro, 2001. "Composition Effect of Migration and Regional Growth in Japan," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 29-49, March.
  3. Tugrul Temel & Aysit Tansel & Peter J. Albersen, 1999. "Convergence and Spatial Patterns in Labor Productivity: Nonparametric Estimations for Turkey," Working Papers 9931, Economic Research Forum, revised Oct 1999.
  4. Islam, Nazrul, 1995. "Growth Empirics: A Panel Data Approach," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 110(4), pages 1127-70, November.
  5. Orhan Karaca, 2004. "Türkiye’de Bölgelerarasý Gelir Farklýlýklarý: Yakýnsama Var mý?," Working Papers 2004/7, Turkish Economic Association.
  6. Aysit Tansel & Nil Demet Gungor, 1999. "Economic Growth and Convergence An Application to the Provinces of Turkey, 1975-1995," Working Papers 9908, Economic Research Forum, revised Mar 1999.
  7. Raimundo Soto & Arístides Torche, 2004. "Spatial Inequality, Migration, and Economic Growth in Chile," Documentos de Trabajo 274, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..
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