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Türkiye’de Bölgelerarasý Gelir Farklýlýklarý: Yakýnsama Var mý?

  • Orhan Karaca

    (Ekonomist Dergisi)

Türkiye’nin doðu ve batý bölgeleri arasýnda kiþi baþýna gelir düzeyi açýsýndan doðu aleyhine önemli bir farklýlýk vardýr. Bu durum doðudan batýya doðru göçe yol açmakta ve geliþmiþ yörelerde baþta çarpýk kentleþme ve asayiþ olmak üzere önemli sorunlara neden olmaktadýr. Bu sorunlarýn önüne geçmek için 1960’lý yýllarýn sonundan bu yana bölgeler arasý gelir farklýlýklarýný azaltma amacýný güden politikalar uygulanmaktadýr. Bu çalýþmada bu politikalarýn gelir farklýlýklarýný azaltma yönünde etki gösterip göstermediði, il bazýnda 1975- 2000 dönemi verileriyle incelenmiþtir. Yakýnsama hipotezinden ve bu hipotezin test edilmesi için geliþtirilen ß-yakýnsama ve ?-yakýnsama ölçütlerinden yararlanýlarak yapýlan araþtýrmanýn sonucunda, ele alýnan dönemde iller arasýndaki gelir farklýlýklarýnda azalma deðil artýþ olduðu bulgusuna ulaþýlmýþtýr. Bu sonuç bölgeler arasýndaki gelir farklýlýklarýný azaltmak amacýyla uygulanan politikalarýn sorgulanmasý gerektiðini göstermektedir.

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Paper provided by Turkish Economic Association in its series Working Papers with number 2004/7.

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Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:tek:wpaper:2004/7
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