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Sociocultural factors and social entrepreneurial intention during the COVID-19 pandemic: Preliminary evidence from developing countries

Author

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  • Walid Simmou

    (Ibn Zohr University)

  • Ibrahim Sameer

    (Islamic University of Maldives)

  • Khaled Hussainey

    (University of Portsmouth)

  • Samira Simmou

    (Ibn Zohr University)

Abstract

While previous studies on social entrepreneurial intention have evolved more from emotional and cognitive features, far less attention has been devoted to sociocultural factors, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Relying on planned behavior theory and entrepreneurial event model, this study investigates how the university's environment and support system affect the social entrepreneurial intention of university students, particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data were collected from 530 business students from Bahrain, the Maldives, and Morocco via an online questionnaire and analyzed using partial least square (PLS-SEM) methodology. The findings show that empathy and self-efficacity, which are most responsive to the university's environment and support system, significantly impact social entrepreneurial intention. However, no evidence has been found on how gender diversity impacts the university's environment and support system to raise social entrepreneurial intention. Finally, this paper highlights the relevance of considering sociocultural factors, namely the university's environment and support system, for policymakers, especially those involved in higher education, to boost students' social entrepreneurial intention, particularly in developing countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Walid Simmou & Ibrahim Sameer & Khaled Hussainey & Samira Simmou, 2023. "Sociocultural factors and social entrepreneurial intention during the COVID-19 pandemic: Preliminary evidence from developing countries," International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, Springer, vol. 19(3), pages 1177-1207, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:intemj:v:19:y:2023:i:3:d:10.1007_s11365-023-00858-1
    DOI: 10.1007/s11365-023-00858-1
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