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Examining Commuting Patterns


  • Sunhee Sang


  • Morton O’Kelly
  • Mei-Po Kwan


Typically, the high level of aggregation in conventional analysis of urban commuting may obscure meaningful differences among groups of commuters. This paper disaggregates US census datasets, taking commuters’ gender and occupation into consideration. Refined measures—jobs/workers ratio, average commuting distance and the number of in- and out-commuters—are introduced through the disaggregate approach and are tested for gender differences. Using US Census Transport Planning Package (CTPP) data for Rochester, MN, this study shows the spatial structure of the labour market among 18 worker groups. The results bear important implications for regional labour market plans considering the spatial mismatch between jobs and housing.

Suggested Citation

  • Sunhee Sang & Morton O’Kelly & Mei-Po Kwan, 2011. "Examining Commuting Patterns," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 48(5), pages 891-909, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:urbstu:v:48:y:2011:i:5:p:891-909

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    Cited by:

    1. Yu Liu & Chaogui Kang & Song Gao & Yu Xiao & Yuan Tian, 2012. "Understanding intra-urban trip patterns from taxi trajectory data," Journal of Geographical Systems, Springer, vol. 14(4), pages 463-483, October.
    2. Carree, Martin & Kronenberg, Kristin, 2012. "Locational choices and the costs of distance: empirical evidence for Dutch graduates," MPRA Paper 36221, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Yingling Fan, 2017. "Household structure and gender differences in travel time: spouse/partner presence, parenthood, and breadwinner status," Transportation, Springer, vol. 44(2), pages 271-291, March.
    4. repec:eee:trapol:v:59:y:2017:i:c:p:106-115 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Morton O’Kelly & Michael Niedzielski & Justin Gleeson, 2012. "Spatial interaction models from Irish commuting data: variations in trip length by occupation and gender," Journal of Geographical Systems, Springer, vol. 14(4), pages 357-387, October.
    6. Siyu Li & Der-Horng Lee, 2017. "Learning daily activity patterns with probabilistic grammars," Transportation, Springer, vol. 44(1), pages 49-68, January.
    7. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:5:p:1435-:d:144730 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Shu‐Hen Chiang, 2012. "The Source of Metropolitan Growth: The Role of Commuting," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(1), pages 143-166, March.
    9. Xiao Li & Steven Farber, 2016. "Spatial representation in the social interaction potential metric: an analysis of scale and parameter sensitivity," Journal of Geographical Systems, Springer, vol. 18(4), pages 331-357, October.

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