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Crowding Externalities from Tourist Use of Urban Space

Author

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  • Bart Neuts

    (Department of Geography, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200E, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium)

  • Peter Nijkamp
  • Eveline Van Leeuwen

Abstract

Popular urban tourist destinations are attracting large numbers of both overnight visitors and excursionists. Since urban cities perform a multitude of functions, the space requirements of tourists can, at times, interfere with those of local users. This paper addresses the issue of disutilities of space congestion through a dichotomous choice experiment model in order to offer a monetary valuation of tourist crowding in urban public space. A resident survey was carried out in the city of Amsterdam in order to estimate a random parameter logit model through which the residents' willingness to pay to avoid unfavourable crowding situations could be assessed. Their willingness to pay in order to increase the use levels by visitors in the Dam area from ‘not at all crowded’ or ‘not crowded’ to ‘crowded’ was, respectively, €1.36 and €0.83 annually, while the mean willingness to pay for a decline in the use level from ‘very crowded’ to ‘crowded’ was estimated to be €11.06 a year. While tourism is only partly responsible for these crowding levels, the results demonstrate that the social effects of tourist consumption can be positive as well as negative, depending on the existing use level and attitudinal perceptions of residents.

Suggested Citation

  • Bart Neuts & Peter Nijkamp & Eveline Van Leeuwen, 2012. "Crowding Externalities from Tourist Use of Urban Space," Tourism Economics, , vol. 18(3), pages 649-670, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:toueco:v:18:y:2012:i:3:p:649-670
    DOI: 10.5367/te.2012.0130
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    3. Jacobsen, Jens Kr. Steen & Iversen, Nina M. & Hem, Leif E., 2019. "Hotspot crowding and over-tourism: Antecedents of destination attractiveness," Annals of Tourism Research, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 53-66.
    4. Karima Kourtit & Peter Nijkamp, 2013. "In Search of Creative Champions in High-Tech Spaces," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 13-193/VIII, Tinbergen Institute.
    5. Ana Beatriz Mateos & Felipe Leco & Antonio Pérez, 2020. "Visitors’ Perception of the Overcrowding of a Protected Natural Area: A Case Applied to the Natural Reserve “ Garganta de los Infiernos ” (Caceres, Spain)," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(22), pages 1-20, November.
    6. Moisés Simancas Cruz & María Pilar Peñarrubia Zaragoza, 2019. "Analysis of the Accommodation Density in Coastal Tourism Areas of Insular Destinations from the Perspective of Overtourism," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(11), pages 1-19, May.
    7. Karima Kourtit & Peter Nijkamp, 2013. "In Search Of Creative Champions In High-Tech Spaces: A Spatial Application Of Strategic Performance Management," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(5), pages 749-777, December.
    8. Qian Jin & Hui Hu & Philip Kavan, 2016. "Factors Influencing Perceived Crowding of Tourists and Sustainable Tourism Destination Management," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 8(10), pages 1-17, September.
    9. Bart Neuts, 2016. "An econometric approach to crowding in touristic city centres," Tourism Economics, , vol. 22(5), pages 1055-1074, October.
    10. Roberto Moris & Kay Bergamini & Horacio Gilabert & Rodrigo Culagovski & Daniela Zaviezo & José Ignacio Medina & Andrea Alarcón & Piroska Ángel, 2021. "Impact of Population Growth in the Central Coastal Zone of Chile: Factors for Estimating Tourism Carrying Capacity Based on the Case Study of One Latin American Seaside Resort," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(6), pages 1-18, March.
    11. Silvia Sanz-Blas & Daniela Buzova & Walesska Schlesinger, 2019. "The Sustainability of Cruise Tourism Onshore: The Impact of Crowding on Visitors’ Satisfaction," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(6), pages 1-15, March.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    public space; crowding; externalities; choice experiments; willingness to pay;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • P25 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics

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