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Overcrowding and Indigenous Health in Australia


  • Alison Booth
  • Nick Carroll


We use unique survey data from the 2001 National Health Survey to examine the association between overcrowding and the self-assessed health of Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. Our goal is to determine whether or not overcrowding explains why the Indigenous population has worse health than the non-Indigenous population. We find that, after we control for a number of factors, overcrowding of adults (i) appears to be associated with worse health and (ii) explains approximately 30% of the health gap between the Indigenous population living in remote areas and the non-Indigenous population.

Suggested Citation

  • Alison Booth & Nick Carroll, 2005. "Overcrowding and Indigenous Health in Australia," CEPR Discussion Papers 498, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
  • Handle: RePEc:auu:dpaper:498

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Cooper, Helen, 2002. "Investigating socio-economic explanations for gender and ethnic inequalities in health," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 54(5), pages 693-706, March.
    2. Booth, Alison L. & Carroll, Nick, 2005. "The Health Status of Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Australians," IZA Discussion Papers 1534, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
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    1. Bart Neuts & Peter Nijkamp & Eveline Van Leeuwen, 2012. "Crowding Externalities from Tourist Use of Urban Space," Tourism Economics, , vol. 18(3), pages 649-670, June.
    2. Dockery, Alfred M., 2022. "Housing quality, remoteness and Indigenous children’s outcomes in Australia," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 228-241.

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    More about this item


    self-assessed health; Indigenous health; overcrowding;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior

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