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Accessibility: Long Term Perspectives


  • Axhausen, Kay

    (Institute for Transport Planning and Systems, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich)


Improved accessibility and its correlate lower generalized cost of contact, travel and transport have been sought by dynamic human societies for their economic and social benefits through- out recorded history. The paper will reflect about this process at a number of different spatial and temporal scales based on a conceptual model. Looking back at European history, it will trace the interaction between Christaller’s logic of local market areas and the idea of (low contact cost) network cities. Focusing on Switzerland since 1950 it will show how network investment changed the relative distribution of population and employment and how this in- teracted with changes in the preferences of the travelers. Using a recent snapshot of how a substantial sample of Swiss maintain their social networks over often very large areas, it will try to answer the question of what will happen in the future, if the current trend of ever lower costs of contact will persist.

Suggested Citation

  • Axhausen, Kay, 2008. "Accessibility: Long Term Perspectives," The Journal of Transport and Land Use, Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota, vol. 1(2), pages 5-22.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:jtralu:0008

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Zheng, Nan & Waraich, Rashid A. & Axhausen, Kay W. & Geroliminis, Nikolas, 2012. "A dynamic cordon pricing scheme combining the Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram and an agent-based traffic model," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 46(8), pages 1291-1303.
    2. Ioannis Baraklianos & Louafi Bouzouina & Patrick Bonnel & Hind Aissaoui, 2020. "Does the accessibility measure influence the results of residential location choice modelling?," Transportation, Springer, vol. 47(3), pages 1147-1176, June.
    3. Levinson, David M & Krizek, Kevin, 2008. "From the Editors," The Journal of Transport and Land Use, Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota, vol. 1(2), pages 1-3.
    4. Lionjanga, Nahungu & Venter, Christo, 2018. "Does public transport accessibility enhance subjective well-being? A study of the City of Johannesburg," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 523-535.
    5. Joanna Borowczyk, 2018. "Sustainable Urban Development: Spatial Analyses as Novel Tools for Planning a Universally Designed City," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(5), pages 1-16, May.
    6. Bouzouina, Louafi & Baraklianos, Ioannis & Bonnel, Patrick & Aissaoui, Hind, 2021. "Renters vs owners: The impact of accessibility on residential location choice. Evidence from Lyon urban area, France (1999–2013)," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 72-84.
    7. Kasraian, Dena & Raghav, Shivani & Miller, Eric J., 2020. "A multi-decade longitudinal analysis of transportation and land use co-evolution in the Greater Toronto-Hamilton Area," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 84(C).
    8. Dena Kasraian & Kees Maat & Dominic Stead & Bert van Wee, 2016. "Long-term impacts of transport infrastructure networks on land-use change: an international review of empirical studies," Transport Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(6), pages 772-792, November.

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    More about this item


    Accessibility; policy; network growth; social network geography;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General


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