IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Commerce extérieur et disparitions d’entreprises industrielles

Listed author(s):
  • Hountondji, Guéliffo

    (Latapses/Idefi Cnrs)

Registered author(s):

    Studies on industrial demography are traditionally devoted to the prediction of corporate bankruptcy. Small business failure rates are, in this respect, related either to management considerations on a microeconomic level, or to financial and policy decisions from a macroeconomic point of view. In both cases, little attention is paid to theoretical explanations and to the specific influence of external trade on this index of industrial performance. The relationship between business failures and international trade seems obvious when holds the traditional assumptions made in the context of price cost margins models, that is to say, price and profit reductions due to import (and export) discipline. Unfortunately, empirical studies provide no unambiguous evidence of these assumptions. L’article se propose d’adapter et d’étendre les modèles de marges sur coûts à l’étude de la démographie des firmes industrielles. Il examine en particulier les rapports entre importations et disparitions d’entreprises, dans le cadre d’une concurrence oligopolistique à prix stables en économie ouverte. Les modèles sont construits directement en économie ouverte et n’intègrent pas la séquence habituelle du passage de l’autarcie aux échanges extérieurs : aucune référence n’est faite par conséquent aux effets de discipline du commerce extérieur. Les firmes exportatrices réagissent aux changements qui interviennent dans leurs performances sur les marchés extérieurs ou dans la pénétration du marché national, par des choix qui peuvent aller d’un effort de différenciation de leur produit (publicité) à une réduction de leurs coûts (diverses formes de relations de sous-traitance) en passant par des mouvements de stockage et de déstockage. Les disparitions de firmes industrielles représentent une des conséquences de ces choix. Les tests économétriques réalisés sur le cas français montrent que seule une catégorie particulière de disparitions d’entreprises (les cessations pures) semble déterminée par le commerce extérieur qui par conséquent n’exercerait pas d’influence significative sur l’ensemble des cessations d’entreprises.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL: http://id.erudit.org/iderudit/602258ar
    Download Restriction: no

    Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

    Volume (Year): 74 (1998)
    Issue (Month): 2 (juin)
    Pages: 221-244

    as
    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:74:y:1998:i:2:p:221-244
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.scse.ca/
    Email:


    More information through EDIRC

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:74:y:1998:i:2:p:221-244. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Bruce Shearer)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.