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Research of Internal Migration by Compartment Models: The Case of Erzurum-Bursa

Author

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  • Fatih Cakmak

    (Banking and Finance Department, Kastamonu University, Kastamonu, Turkey)

  • Erkan Oktay

    (Econometrics Department, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey)

Abstract

Migration, which consists of quite complex components, is a concept subjected in many scientific researchareas. Internal migration refersa migration occurred in the boundariesof a country. Migration in Turkey usuallytends to be directed towards larger and more industrialized provinces. Nevertheless, there exists adensity on the direction of certain provinces such as migration from Erzurum to Bursa. Nowadays, theproceeding of themigration flowsbetween Erzurum and Bursa since 1980’sis another point which necessitates to be examined.The purpose of this study is to investigatethe migration between Erzurum and Bursa byusing compartment models in the1980-2015period. Thepaperperforms compartment models to explainthe changes of migration flows in terms of gross domestic product, unemployment rate, and time.According to the results,thereis asignificantincrease in migration from Erzurum to Bursadepending on thetime of migration and unemploymentrate.Nonetheless, there is no significant change related with the gross domestic product. In addition, the study has shown that migration increasesasunemployment rate decreases; but there is no significant change in migration depending on time and gross domestic product from Bursa to Erzurum Key Words:Internal migration, Compartmental Model, Nonlinear Model, Bursa, Erzurum

Suggested Citation

  • Fatih Cakmak & Erkan Oktay, 2017. "Research of Internal Migration by Compartment Models: The Case of Erzurum-Bursa," International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147-4478), Center for the Strategic Studies in Business and Finance, vol. 6(1), pages 127-148, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbs:ijbrss:v:6:y:2017:i:1:p:127-148
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    4. Jacobsen, Joyce P. & Levin, Laurence M., 2000. "The effects of internal migration on the relative economic status of women and men," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 291-304, May.
    5. Mendola, Mariapia & Carletto, Calogero, 2012. "Migration and gender differences in the home labour market: Evidence from Albania," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(6), pages 870-880.
    6. Hill Kulu & Francesco Billari, 2004. "Multilevel Analysis of Internal Migration in a Transitional Country: The Case of Estonia," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(6), pages 679-696.
    7. Miguet, Florence, 2008. "Voting about immigration policy: What does the Swiss experience tell us?," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 628-641, September.
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