IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

L'influence de la politique monétaire sur les taux d'intérêt

Listed author(s):
  • Jean-François Loué
Registered author(s):

    [eng] How are real long run interest rates determined throughout the world, and why have they remained so high since the beginning of the eighties? The inflation of the seventies, the collapse of the Sovietic block and its opening on the Western economy, the financial deregulation, and above all the accumulation of public deficits have been the main explanations advanced. Yet do not central banks, since they drive day after day the short run interest rates, also exert a determining influence upon real long run interest rates? Focusing on these questions, the article reexamines the main theorical frameworks refered to in the literature with respect to the way interest rates are determined, and tries to appreciate the influence of various phenomena, under the light of the econometric studies that have been published during the last fifteen years. The case of a world central bank and the case of small open economies are successively studied, before the questions of the integration of capital markets and their imperfections are raised. The author holds the wiew that, while capital markets seem more and more integrated, significant resistances still affect the international mobility of capitals. This leaves a field of opportunities open for the monetary policy, provided it is conducted for the sake of a sufficiently large zone. [fre] Comment sont déterminés les taux d'intérêt réels à long terme dans le monde et pourquoi sont-ils aussi élevés depuis le début des années quatre-vingt ? L'inflation des années soixante-dix, l'effondrement du bloc soviétique et son ouverture sur l'économie occidentale, la déréglementation financière, et surtout, l'accumulation des déficit publics, ont été les principales explications avancées. Mais les banques centrales qui pilotent au jour le jour les taux courts n'exercent elles pas aussi sur les taux longs réels une influence déterminante ? L'article aborde ces questions en réexaminant les principaux cadres de référence utilisés dans la littérature pour expliquer la formation des taux d'intérêt, et tente d'apprécier l'importance des mécanismes en cause à la lumière des travaux économétriques publiés depuis une quinzaine d'années. On étudie successivement le cas d'une banque centrale mondiale et la situation des petits pays en économie ouverte, avant de s'interroger sur l'intégration des marchés de capitaux et sur leurs imperfections. L'auteur soutient que, malgré une intégration financière de plus en plus poussée, il subsiste des freins sérieux à la mobilité internationale des capitaux. Cela constitue une opportunité pour la politique monétaire, dès lors qu'elle est menée pour un ensemble d'un poids suffisant.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

    Volume (Year): 59 (1996)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 101-133

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:prs:rvofce:ofce_0751-6614_1996_num_59_1_1436
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ofce.1996.1436
    Contact details of provider: Web page:

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

    in new window

    1. James H. Stock & Mark W. Watson, 1992. "A procedure for predicting recessions with leading indicators: econometric issues and recent performance," Working Paper Series, Macroeconomic Issues 92-7, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
    2. James H. Stock & Mark W. Watson, 1989. "New Indexes of Coincident and Leading Economic Indicators," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1989, Volume 4, pages 351-409 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. James H. Stock & Mark W. Watson, 1993. "A Procedure for Predicting Recessions with Leading Indicators: Econometric Issues and Recent Experience," NBER Chapters,in: Business Cycles, Indicators and Forecasting, pages 95-156 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:rvofce:ofce_0751-6614_1996_num_59_1_1436. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.