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Quelle réglementation pour le secteur de la Défense : l'expérience américaine

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  • Marc Guyot
  • Radu Vranceanu

Abstract

[fre] Depuis 1984, les Etats-Unis ont décidé de réformer le processus d'acquisition de biens et de services destinés à la défense nationale par l'introduction de mécanismes incitatifs à l'efficacité, similaires à ceux existant naturellement dans un environnement concurrentiel. L'objet de cet article est d'étudier l'impact de ce changement organisationnel sur les performances économiques des firmes composant la base industrielle de la défense américaine. Après avoir précisé la nature du changement réglementaire, nous montrons à l'aide d'un modèle économétrique original qu'à court terme, il provoque une baisse de rentabilité des firmes. Dans une seconde partie, nous suggérons que l'effet de long terme implique la mise en place par les firmes de stratégies de restructuration. [eng] What regulation for the defence industrial base: the American case since 1984, the United States have decided to allow competition-like forces to drive the defence procurement process. The goal of this paper is to investigate the impact of this organisational change on the economic performances of the firms composing the American defence industrial base. After describing the regulatory change, we show by an original econometric estimation that its short-run impact on firms' profit margins is negative; this result corroborates the prediction of several theoretical models. In the long-run, this new managed competition prompts firms to restructure.

Suggested Citation

  • Marc Guyot & Radu Vranceanu, 1997. "Quelle réglementation pour le secteur de la Défense : l'expérience américaine," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 12(3), pages 167-193.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1997_num_12_3_1030
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1997.1030
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Benjamin E. Hermalin, 1992. "The Effects of Competition on Executive Behavior," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 23(3), pages 350-365, Autumn.
    2. William P. Rogerson, 1994. "Economic Incentives and the Defense Procurement Process," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 8(4), pages 65-90, Fall.
    3. Michael H. Riordan & David E.M. Sappington, 1989. "Second Sourcing," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 20(1), pages 41-58, Spring.
    4. Rogerson, William P, 1989. "Profit Regulation of Defense Contractors and Prizes for Innovation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(6), pages 1284-1305, December.
    5. James J. Anton & Dennis A. Yao, 1987. "Second Sourcing and the Experience Curve: Price Competition in Defense Procurement," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 18(1), pages 57-76, Spring.
    6. William E. Kovacic & Dennis E. Smallwood, 1994. "Competition Policy, Rivalries, and Defense Industry Consolidation," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 8(4), pages 91-110, Fall.
    7. Sandler,Todd & Hartley,Keith, 1995. "The Economics of Defense," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521447287, April.
    8. White, Lawrence J, 1987. "Antitrust and Merger Policy: A Review and Critique," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 1(2), pages 13-22, Fall.
    9. Rob, Rafael, 1986. "The Design of Procurement Contracts," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(3), pages 378-389, June.
    10. James J. Anton & Dennis A. Yao, 1990. "Measuring the effectiveness of competition in defense procurement: A survey of the empirical literature," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 9(1), pages 60-79.
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    Cited by:

    1. Renaud Bellais & Martial Foucault & Jean-Michel Oudot, 2014. "Économie de la défense," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-01052607, HAL.

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