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Le biais technologique : une analyse économétrique sur données individuelles

Listed author(s):
  • Nathalie Greenan
  • Emmanuel Duguet

[eng] Skill bias: an econometric analysis at the firm level Over the last 20 years the structure of firms' employment has moved towards more skilled personnel while unskilled workers have faced a high and persistent unemployment. The purpose of this paper is to test the hypothesis of a skill-biased technical progress. We introduce three new features. First, we estimate our model at the firm level. Second, we distinguish 5 innovation types, that allow fora decomposition of the skill bias. Last, firm level innovation is endogenous. [fre] Le biais technologique. Une analyse économétrique sur données individuelles Sur les vingt dernières années, la structure de la main-d'œuvre des entrepri­ses s'est déformée au profit des personnels les plus qualifiés, alors que la main-d'œuvre non qualifiée a dû faire face à un chômage élevé et persistant. L'objectif de cette étude est de tester l'hypothèse d'un progrès technique biaisé en faveur de la main-d'œuvre qualifiée. Elle présente trois originalités. Premièrement, les estimations sont réalisées au niveau de l'entreprise. Deuxièmement, nous mesu­rons le progrès technique par cinq types d'innovation différents qui permettent de décomposer le biais technologique. Troisièmement, l'innovation est endogène.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 48 (1997)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 1061-1089

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1997_num_48_5_409931
Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1997.409931
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  1. Bergstrom, Villy & Panas, Epaminondas E, 1992. "How Robust Is the Capital-Skill Complementarity Hypothesis?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 74(3), pages 540-546, August.
  2. Huiban, J. P. & Bouhsina, Z., 1997. "Innovation et qualité du facteur travail," Cahiers d'Economie et de Sociologie Rurales (CESR), INRA (French National Institute for Agricultural Research).
  3. Julian R. Betts, 1997. "The Skill Bias Of Technological Change In Canadian Manufacturing Industries," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 79(1), pages 146-150, February.
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