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Les déterminants du salaire

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  • Jean-Louis Lhéritier

Abstract

[eng] Factors for Determining Wages and Salaries . The largest salary disparities were observed between qualifications in 1986. In industry, senior executives and senior engineers earned 3.5 times more than unskilled workers. Men's wages are still higher than women's wages, especially in the engineer and executive grades. Wages increase with age and seniority, which are guarantees of greater professional experience. This experience is better remunerated within companies than on the external market: the positive impact of age is reinforced by that of seniority. . In France, executives from other countries earn higher salaries than the French, but other groups earn lower salaries. Age, sex and nationality are used by employers as the main "signs" of experience, availability and confidence. Wages are higher in large production units than in small and medium-sized production units, and higher in the Paris area than in the rest of France. However, individual factors have an important role to play in the formation of wages, especially for executives. [spa] Los déterminantes del salario . En 1986, la disparidades de salario mâs significativas se registrar! entre las distintas calificaciones : en la industria, un ejecutivo o un ingeniero de nivel superior ganan 3,5 veces mâs que un peôn. Los salarios de los hombres siguen siendo superiores a los de las mujeres, sobre todo para los ingénieras y ejecutivos. El salario aumenta con la edad y la antigùedad, que son los garantes de una experiencia profesional acrecentada. Tal experiencia es mejor remunerada en el seno de una empresa que en el mercado externo ; es asi como un impacto positivo de la antigùedad se anade al de la edad. . Los extranjeros tienen un salario mâs elevado que los franceses si son ejecutivos, mâs bajo en las otras categorîas. La edad, el sexo y la nacionalidad funcionan como "senales" para el empleadorquien las interpréta en términos de experiencia, de disponibilidad o de audacia. Los salarios son mâs elevados en las grandes unidades de producciôn que en las pequenas o medianas y en la region "Ile-de-France" mâs que en provincias. Sin embargo, el peso de factures individuates es importante en la atribuciôn de los salarios, en especial para los ejecutivos. [fre] Les déterminants du salaire . En 1986, les écarts de salaire les plus significatifs s'observent entre qualifications : dans l'industrie, un cadre ou ingénieur de niveau supérieur gagne 3,5 fois plus qu'un manoeuvre. Les salaires des hommes restent supérieurs à ceux des femmes, surtout parmi les ingénieurs et les cadres. Le salaire s'élève avec l'âge et l'ancienneté, garants d'une expérience professionnelle accrue ; cette expérience est mieux rémunérée au sein de l'entreprise que sur le marché externe : un impact positif de l'ancienneté vient ainsi se rajouter à celui de l'âge. . Les étrangers ont un salaire plus élevé que les Français s'ils sont cadres, plus faible dans les autres catégories. L'âge, le sexe et la nationalité fonctionnent notamment comme des "signaux" pour l'employeur qui les lit en termes d'expérience, de disponibilité ou d'audace. Les salaires sont plus élevés dans les grandes unités de production que dans les petites ou moyennes, en Ile-de France qu'en province. Mais le poids des facteurs individuels est important dans la formation des salaires, surtout parmi les cadres.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Louis Lhéritier, 1992. "Les déterminants du salaire," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 257(1), pages 9-21.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1992_num_257_1_5677
    DOI: 10.3406/estat.1992.5677
    Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.1992.5677
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jacob A. Mincer, 1974. "Introduction to "Schooling, Experience, and Earnings"," NBER Chapters, in: Schooling, Experience, and Earnings, pages 1-4, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Joseph E. Stiglitz, 1974. "Alternative Theories of Wage Determination and Unemployment in LDC's: The Labor Turnover Model," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 88(2), pages 194-227.
    3. Jacob A. Mincer, 1974. "Schooling, Experience, and Earnings," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number minc74-1, March.
    4. Weiss, Andrew W, 1980. "Job Queues and Layoffs in Labor Markets with Flexible Wages," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 88(3), pages 526-538, June.
    5. Stefan Lollivier & Jean-François Payen, 1990. "L'hétérogénéité des carrières individuelles mesurée sur données de panel," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 92(1), pages 87-95.
    6. Jacob A. Mincer, 1974. "Age and Experience Profiles of Earnings," NBER Chapters, in: Schooling, Experience, and Earnings, pages 64-82, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Catherine Sofer, 1990. "La répartition des emplois par sexe : capital humain ou discrimination," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 92(1), pages 77-85.
    8. Shapiro, Carl & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1984. "Equilibrium Unemployment as a Worker Discipline Device," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(3), pages 433-444, June.
    9. Alain Mingat & Jean-Pierre Jarousse, 1986. "Un réexamen du modèle de gains de Mincer," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 37(6), pages 999-1032.
    10. Michael Spence, 1981. "Signaling, Screening, and Information," NBER Chapters, in: Studies in Labor Markets, pages 319-358, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Anne Perrot, 1990. "La théorie des contrats implicites : bilan et perspectives," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 92(1), pages 15-20.
    12. Jacob Mincer, 1958. "Investment in Human Capital and Personal Income Distribution," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 66, pages 281-281.
    13. Jean-Michel Plassard & Gabriel Tahar, 1990. "Théorie du salaire d'efficience et disparités non compensatrices : évaluation à partir de l'enquête Fqp," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 92(1), pages 67-76.
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    1. repec:ilo:ilowps:298712 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Werner H., 1994. "Integration of foreign workers into the labour market : France, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden," ILO Working Papers 992987123402676, International Labour Organization.

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