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La stratégie communautaire de régulation de l'effet de serre : quels enjeux pour la France ?

  • Olivier Beaumais
  • Thierry Bréchet

[eng] The Community Strategy to Curb the Greenhouse Effect: The Implications for France, by Olivier Beaumais and Thierry Bréchet. The Community proposal to introduce a tax on carbon and energy is one of the key projects in the efforts to set up a policy to prevent global warming. The high level of the proposed tax (approximately 1.5% of GDP) and the asserted principle of tax neutrality (which posits that existing taxes should be reduced when this new tax is introduced) have prompted us to evaluate the macroeconomic impact of such a strategy using the system of Hermès-Midas models. Several tax redeployment scenarios showing the French economy's room for manoeuvre in such a context are thus studied. In addition to the choice between labour taxes and energy taxes, we consider the potential contribution of energy-saving investments to the attainment of the Community aim of stabilizing carbon dioxide emissions. [fre] La stratégie communautaire de régulation de l'effet de serre : quels enjeux pour la France ? par Olivier Beaumais, Thierry Bréchet. Parmi les projets visant à mettre en place une politique de prévention du réchauffement climatique global, la proposition communautaire d'instauration d'une taxe assise sur le carbone et l'énergie occupe une place centrale. L'ampleur du prélèvement envisagé (environ 1 ,5 % du PIB) ainsi que l' affirmation du principe de neutralité fiscale (qui pose que l' introduction de cette nouvelle taxe doit s'accompagner d'une réduction des impôts existants) nous ont conduit à évaluer l'impact macro-économique d'une telle stratégie à l'aide du système de modèles Hermès-Midas. Plusieurs scénarios de redéploiement fiscal sont ainsi examinés, qui soulignent les marges de manœuvre l'économie française dans un tel contexte. Au-delà des arbitrages entre fiscalité sur le travail et sur l'énergie, nous nous interrogeons sur la contribution potentielle des investissements économiseurs d'énergie à la réalisation de l'objectif communautaire de stabilisation des émissions de dioxyde de carbone. [spa] La estrategia comunitaria de regulación del efecto de invernadero : qué es lo que está en juego para Francia, por Olivier Beaumais, Thierry Bréchet. Entre los proyectos que tienden a poner en marcha una política de prevención del recalentamiento climático global, la propuesta comunitaria de instaurar una tasa establecida sobre el carbono y la energía ocupa un lugar central. La magnitud de la retención contemplada (aproximadamente el 1,5% del PIB) así como la afirmación del principio de neutralidad fiscal (que establece que la introducción de esta nueva tasa debe ir junto con una reducción de los impuestos existentes) nos han Uevado a evaluar el impacto macroeconómico de una estrategia semejante mediante el sistema de modelos Hermès-Midas. Es así como varios casos de redespliegue fiscal se examinan, los cuales subrayan los márgenes de acción de la economía francesa dentro de un contexte parecido. Más allá de los arbitrajes entre fiscalidad sobre el trabajo y sobre la energía, nos planteamos interrogantes sobre la contribución potential de las inversiones ahorradoras de energía para la realización del objetivo comunitario de estabilización de las emisiones de dióxido de carbono. [ger] Die Strategie der Gemeinschaft zur Regulierung des Treibhauseffekts: welche Herausforderungen für Frankreich? von Olivier Beaumais, Thierry Bréchet. Unter den Vorhaben, die auf die Durchführung einer Politik zur Verhiitung der globalen Klimaerwärmung abzielen, nimmt der Vorschlag der Gemeinschaft zur Einfuhrung einer Abgabe auf Kohlendioxid und Energie eine zentrale Stellung ein. Die Höhe der erwogenen Abgabe (ca. 1,5% des BIP) sowie die Bekräftigung des Grundsatzes der Steuerneutralität (der voraussetzt, daß die Einführung dieser neuen Abgabe mit einer Senkung der bestehenden Steuern einhergehen muß) haben uns veranlaßt, die gesamtwirtschaftliche Auswirkung einer solchen Stratégie anhand des Systems der Hermès-Midas-Modelle zu bewerten. Somit werden mehrere Szenarien für einen Umbau des Steuersystems geprüft, bei denen die Handlungsspielräume der französischen Volkswirtschaft in einem solchen Kontext unterstrichen werden. Über die Arbitrationen zwischen Arbeits- und Energiebesteuerung hinaus fragen wir, welchen potentiellen Beitrag die energieeinsparenden Investitionen zur Verwirklichung des Zieles der Gemeinschaft, das in der Stabilisierung der Kohlendioxidemissionen besteht, leisten können.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 117 (1995)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 155-174

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1995_num_117_1_5721
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1995.5721
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  1. Peter Hoeller & Andrew Dean & Masahiro Hayafuji, 1992. "New Issues, New Results: The OECD's Second Survey of the Macroeconomic Costs of Reducing CO2 Emissions," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 123, OECD Publishing.
  2. Mills, Evan & Wilson, Deborah & Johansson, Thomas B., 1991. "Getting started: no-regrets strategies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 19(6), pages 526-542.
  3. Jan Velthuijsen, 1993. "Incentives for investment in energy efficiency: an econometric evaluation and policy implications," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 3(2), pages 153-169, April.
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