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Équilibre général appliqué et environnement : de nouveaux comportements pour le consommateur et le producteur

  • Katheline Schubert
  • Olivier Beaumais
  • Paul Zagamé

[eng] Applied general equilibrium and environment : new behaviours for consumer and producer The aim of this paper is to describe the structure of a general equilibrium model applied to environment. It emphasizes the way environmental variables are introduced. Consumer's behaviour is affected by variations in an environmental index which both modifies his utility and his preferences, whereas producer's behaviour is driven by a particular treatment of wastes, and a distinction between green and non-green production. Prior tax distorsions are taken into account, so that the model can address a wide range of questions related to environment, fiscality and marketable permits. [fre] Equilibre général appliqué et environnement. De nouveaux comportements pour le consommateur et le producteur Cet article expose les spécifications retenues pour un modèle d'équilibre général appliqué à l'environnement. Il met surtout l'accent sur la façon dont les variables environnementales sont introduites. Celles-ci interviennent à la fois dans le comportement du consommateur, un indicateur de dégradation de l'environnement venant modifier son bien-être et ses préférences, et dans le comportement des producteurs, par le biais d'une différenciation secteurs standards/secteurs verts. La description de la structure des prélèvements obligatoires ouvre des perspectives d'analyse de diverses options de taxation à finalité environnementale.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 45 (1994)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 905-916

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1994_num_45_3_409581
Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1994.409581
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  1. Peter Hoeller & Andrew Dean & Masahiro Hayafuji, 1992. "New Issues, New Results: The OECD's Second Survey of the Macroeconomic Costs of Reducing CO2 Emissions," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 123, OECD Publishing.
  2. Jean-Marc Burniaux & John P. Martin & Giuseppe Nicoletti & Joaquim Oliveira Martins, 1992. "GREEN a Multi-Sector, Multi-Region General Equilibrium Model for Quantifying the Costs of Curbing CO2 Emissions: A Technical Manual," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 116, OECD Publishing.
  3. Lawrence H. Goulder, 1992. "Do the Costs of a Carbon Tax Vanish When Interactions With Other Taxes are Accounted For?," NBER Working Papers 4061, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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