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Petite apologie des données de panel

Listed author(s):
  • Brigitte Dormont

[eng] A brief defense of panel data, by Brigitte Dormont. This article seeks to illustrate the contribution of panel data to production econometrics and the advantages and difficulties involved in their use. The examples clearly illustrate the uncertainties confronting conventional macro-econometrics: labor yields in employment functions, comparative employment flexibility in France and West Germany, measurement of capital-labor substitutability, the endogenization of technical progress, the role of profits in investment behavior, and the assessment of disequilibrium phenomena at the disaggregated level. [spa] Pequeña apologia de los datos de panel, por Brigitte Dormont. El presente artículo tiene el propósito de ilustrar el aporte de los datos de panel a la econometría de la producción, las ventajas y las dificultades del uso de los mismos, a partir de ejemplos en donde aparencen claramente las incertidumbres con las cuales tropieza la macroeconometría tradicionale, vale decir, rendimientos del trabajo en las funciones de empleo, la flexibilidad comparada del empleo en Francia y en Rfa, la medida de la substituabilidad entre el capital y el trabajo, la endogeneización del avance técnico, el papel del beneficio dentro de los compartimientos de inversión, la evaluación de los fenómenos de desequilibrio a nivel desagregado. [ger] Kurze Würdigung der Paneldaten, von Brigitte Dormont. Dieser Artikel versucht die Wichtigkeit, die Vorteile und Schwierigkeiten der Benützung von Paneldaten in der Producktionsökonometrie anhand von Beispielen aufzuzeigen, an denen die Ungewißheitskomponenten deutlich hervortreten, auf welche die traditionelle Makrökonomie stößt. Diese betreffen den Arbeitsertrag in Beschägtiguns-funktionen, den Vergleich der Beschftigungsflexibilität in Frankreich und in der BRD, die Messung der Substituier-barkeit von Kapital und Arbeit, die Endogenisierung des technischen Fortschritts, die Rolle des Gewinns in dem Investitionsverhalten, die Einschäfzung von Ungleichgewichtserscheinungen auf disaggregierter Ebene. [fre] Petite apologie des données de panel, par Brigitte Dormont. Cet article tente d'illustrer l'apportdes données de panel à l'économétrie de la production, les avantages et les difficultés de leur utilisation, à partir d'exemples où apparaissent clairement les incertitudes sur lesquelles vient buter la macroéconométrie traditionnelle : rendements du travail dans les fonctions d'emploi, laflexibilité comparée de l'emploi en France et en Rfa, la mesure de lasubstituabilité entre le capital et le travail, l'endogénéisation du progrès technique, le rôle du profit dans les comportements d'investissement, l'évaluation des phénomènes de déséquilibre au niveau désagrégé.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 87 (1989)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 19-32

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1989_num_87_1_6054
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1989.6054
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  1. Clark, Kim B & Freeman, Richard B, 1980. "How Elastic is the Demand for Labor?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 62(4), pages 509-520, November.
  2. Griliches, Zvi & Hausman, Jerry A., 1986. "Errors in variables in panel data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 93-118, February.
  3. Patrick Artus & François Legendre & Pierre Morin, 1989. "Entreprise en essor ou en déclin : pourquoi ?," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 88(2), pages 41-55.
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