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Is Monetary Policy in an Open Economy Fundamentally Different?

  • Tommaso Monacelli
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    Openness requires optimal monetary policy to deviate from the canonical closed economy principle of domestic price stability, even if domestic prices are the only ones to be sticky. The paper reviews this argument using a simple partial equilibrium analysis in an economy that trades in final consumption goods. It then extends the standard open economy New Keynesian model to include imported inputs of production. Production openness strengthens even further the incentive for the policymaker to deviate from strict domestic price stability. With both consumption and production openness, variations in the world price of food and in the world price of imported oil act as exogenous cost-push factors.

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    Article provided by Palgrave Macmillan in its journal IMF Economic Review.

    Volume (Year): 61 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 1 (April)
    Pages: 6-21

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    Handle: RePEc:pal:imfecr:v:61:y:2013:i:1:p:6-21
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    1. Roberto Chang & Luis Catão, 2010. "World Food Prices and Monetary Policy," IMF Working Papers 10/161, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Clarida, Richard & Galí, Jordi & Gertler, Mark, 1999. "The Science of Monetary Policy: A New Keynesian Perspective," CEPR Discussion Papers 2139, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Olivier J. Blanchard & Jordi Galí, 2005. "Real wage rigidities and the New Keynesian model," Proceedings, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    4. Alan Sutherland, 2002. "Incomplete Pass-Through and the Welfare Effects of Exchange Rate Variability," Discussion Paper Series, Department of Economics 200212, Department of Economics, University of St. Andrews.
    5. Bernardino Adao & Isabel Correia & Pedro Teles, 2003. "Gaps and Triangles," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 70(4), pages 699-713, October.
    6. Constantino Hevia & Juan Pablo Nicolini, 2013. "Optimal devaluations," Working Papers 702, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
    7. De Fiore, Fiorella & Liu, Zheng, 2005. "Does trade openness matter for aggregate instability?," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 29(7), pages 1165-1192, July.
    8. Bennett T McCallum & Edward Nelson, 2001. "Monetary Policy for an Open Economy: An Alternative Framework with Optimising Agents and Sticky Prices," Discussion Papers 05, Monetary Policy Committee Unit, Bank of England.
    9. Faia, Ester & Monacelli, Tommaso, 2006. "Optimal Monetary Policy in a Small Open Economy with Home Bias," CEPR Discussion Papers 5522, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. Guillermo A. Calvo & Carmen M. Reinhart, 2002. "Fear Of Floating," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 117(2), pages 379-408, May.
    11. Evi Pappa, 2004. "Do the ECB and the Fed really need to cooperate? Optimal monetary policy in a two-country world," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 512, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    12. Jordi Gal� & Tommaso Monacelli, 2005. "Monetary Policy and Exchange Rate Volatility in a Small Open Economy," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 72(3), pages 707-734.
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