IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

China–Africa stock market linkages and the global financial crisis


  • Beini Guo

    (Kings College)

  • Oyakhilome Ibhagui

    () (River Place)


In this paper, we investigate the long-run linkages and short-run dynamics among China and five major African stock markets (South Africa, Morocco, Egypt, Nigeria and Kenya), with emphasis on the impact of the global financial crisis on the linkages and transmission mechanisms. In the pre-crisis and crisis era, we find convincing linkages among the stock markets, evidenced by the presence of cointegration and stronger dynamic price transmission. Our results show that the influence of China on the African stock markets became more noticeable during the crisis. Interestingly, after the crisis, the cointegration was lost as the China–Africa stock market linkages became significantly weakened. The influence of China on Africa’s stock markets—which was not in doubt prior to and during the crisis—became eroded after the crisis. Thus, our results suggest that Africa’s major stock markets have become less connected with China’s stock market post-crisis, even though China’s trade and other economic influence on Africa has grown—an outcome we attribute to a possible disconnect between Africa’s real economy and stock markets. Meanwhile, the decoupling of African and Chinese stock markets in the post-crisis period suggests that gains from international diversification exist in Africa for portfolio investors and asset managers with nontrivial exposure to China.

Suggested Citation

  • Beini Guo & Oyakhilome Ibhagui, 2019. "China–Africa stock market linkages and the global financial crisis," Journal of Asset Management, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 20(4), pages 301-316, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:assmgt:v:20:y:2019:i:4:d:10.1057_s41260-019-00122-8
    DOI: 10.1057/s41260-019-00122-8

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: Abstract
    Download Restriction: Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sowmya Dhanaraj & Arun Kumar Gopalaswamy & Suresh Babu M, 2013. "Dynamic interdependence between US and Asian markets: an empirical study," Journal of Financial Economic Policy, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 5(2), pages 220-237, April.
    2. Theodore Syriopoulos, 2004. "International portfolio diversification to Central European stock markets," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(17), pages 1253-1268.
    3. Jean-Claude Cosset & Jean-Marc Suret, 1995. "Political Risk and the Benefits of International Portfolio Diversification," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 26(2), pages 301-318, June.
    4. Yang, Jian & Bessler, David A. & Leatham, David J., 2000. "The Law Of One Price: Developed And Developing Country Market Integration," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 32(3), pages 1-12, December.
    5. Dickey, David A & Fuller, Wayne A, 1981. "Likelihood Ratio Statistics for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 1057-1072, June.
    6. Balli, F. & Pericoli, F.M. & Pierucci, E., 2014. "Foreign portfolio diversification and risk-sharing," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 125(2), pages 187-190.
    7. Narayan, S. & Sriananthakumar, S. & Islam, S.Z., 2014. "Stock market integration of emerging Asian economies: Patterns and causes," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 19-31.
    8. Joseph Steinberg, 2018. "International Portfolio Diversification and the Structure of Global Production," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 29, pages 195-219, July.
    9. Voronkova, Svitlana, 2004. "Equity market integration in Central European emerging markets: A cointegration analysis with shifting regimes," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 13(5), pages 633-647.
    10. Boubaker, Sabri & Jouini, Jamel, 2014. "Linkages between emerging and developed equity markets: Empirical evidence in the PMG framework," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 322-335.
    11. Robert Johnson & Luc Soenen, 2009. "Commodity Prices and Stock Market Behavior in South American Countries in the Short Run," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(4), pages 69-82, July.
    12. Katerina Lyroudi & Apostolos Dasilas & Antonios Varnas, 2006. "The valuation effects of stock splits in NASDAQ," Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 32(5), pages 401-414.
    13. Ibhagui, Oyakhilome, 2019. "Wider Covered Interest Parity Deviations and Lower Stock Returns: Evidence from the Eurozone," MPRA Paper 92363, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Rua, António & Nunes, Luís C., 2009. "International comovement of stock market returns: A wavelet analysis," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 632-639, September.
    15. Anders Johansson, 2010. "China's financial market integration with the world," Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(3), pages 293-314.
    16. Vithessonthi, Chaiporn & Kumarasinghe, Sriyalatha, 2016. "Financial development, international trade integration, and stock market integration: Evidence from Asia," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 79-92.
    17. Abu-Alkheil, Ahmad & Khan, Walayet A. & Parikh, Bhavik & Mohanty, Sunil K., 2017. "Dynamic co-integration and portfolio diversification of Islamic and conventional indices: Global evidence," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 212-224.
    18. S. Jamaledin Mohseni Zonouzi & Gholamreza Mansourfar & Fateme Bagherzadeh Azar, 2014. "Benefits of international portfolio diversification: Implication of the Middle Eastern oil-producing countries," International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 7(4), pages 457-472, November.
    19. Guidi, Francesco & Ugur, Mehmet, 2014. "An analysis of South-Eastern European stock markets: Evidence on cointegration and portfolio diversification benefits," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 119-136.
    20. Hafiz Al Asad Bin Hoque, 2007. "Co-movement of Bangladesh stock market with other markets: Cointegration and error correction approach," Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 33(10), pages 810-820, September.
    21. Li, Kai & Sarkar, Asani & Wang, Zhenyu, 2003. "Diversification benefits of emerging markets subject to portfolio constraints," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 10(1-2), pages 57-80, February.
    22. Aswini Sukumaran & Rakesh Gupta & Thadavilil Jithendranathan, 2015. "Looking at new markets for international diversification: frontier markets," International Journal of Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 11(1), pages 97-116, February.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pal:assmgt:v:20:y:2019:i:4:d:10.1057_s41260-019-00122-8. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Sonal Shukla) or (Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.