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The Pricing of Illiquidity as a Characteristic and as Risk

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  • Yakov Amihud

    (NYU-Stern, USA)

  • Haim Mendelson

    (Stanford University, USA)

Abstract

This paper reviews research on the effects of different measures of liquidity on asset prices. The foundation is the pricing of liquidity as an asset characteristic that began with the theoretical model and empirical evidence of Amihud and Mendelson (1986). The positive relation between expected returns on financial assets and the illiquidity of these assets has since been reconfirmed both in the U.S. and worldwide. The positive relation between illiquidity and expected return gives rise to research on the effect of liquidity-related systematic risk. Two types of such risk are shown to be priced: exposure to shocks in market liquidity and exposure to the market illiquidity return premium. The pricing of these risks is stronger in times of greater funding illiquidity and economic stress.

Suggested Citation

  • Yakov Amihud & Haim Mendelson, 2015. "The Pricing of Illiquidity as a Characteristic and as Risk," Multinational Finance Journal, Multinational Finance Journal, vol. 19(3), pages 149-168, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:mfj:journl:v:19:y:2015:i:3:p:149-168
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

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    2. Sergio Bianchi & Massimiliano Frezza, 2018. "Liquidity, Efficiency and the 2007-2008 Global Financial Crisis," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 19(2), pages 375-404, November.
    3. Będowska-Sójka, Barbara, 2018. "The coherence of liquidity measures. The evidence from the emerging market," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 118-123.
    4. Barbara Będowska-Sójka, 2021. "Is liquidity wasted? The zero-returns on the Warsaw Stock Exchange," Annals of Operations Research, Springer, vol. 297(1), pages 37-51, February.
    5. Będowska-Sójka, Barbara, 2019. "The dynamics of low-frequency liquidity measures: The developed versus the emerging market," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 136-142.
    6. Będowska-Sójka, Barbara & Kliber, Agata, 2019. "The causality between liquidity and volatility in the Polish stock market," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 110-115.
    7. Kaul, Aditya & Kayacetin, Nuri Volkan, 2017. "Flight-to-quality, economic fundamentals, and stock returns," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 162-175.

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