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Innovation, Exports, and Productivity: Learning and Self-Selection in Chile


  • Claudio Bravo-Ortega
  • Jose Miguel Benavente
  • Álvaro González


Both exports and innovation—in particular, research and development (R&D)—are key factors for the growth of firms and economies, but there has been little study of the combined impact of exports and innovation on growth of firms and economics, especially in developing countries. We use plant-level data from Chile to examine the relationships among productivity, R&D expenditure, and exports. We find that firms that invest in R&D are considerably more likely to export, but the reverse is not true. Even though exporting does not stimulate investment in R&D, exports and R&D have a joint effect on improving productivity. These results allow us to recover the private return of the "learning by exporting" effect across different sectors.

Suggested Citation

  • Claudio Bravo-Ortega & Jose Miguel Benavente & Álvaro González, 2014. "Innovation, Exports, and Productivity: Learning and Self-Selection in Chile," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(1S), pages 68-95, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:mes:emfitr:v:50:y:2014:i:1s:p:68-95

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Trinh, Long, 2015. "Dynamics of innovation and internationalization among Vietnamese SMEs," MPRA Paper 68308, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 26 Nov 2015.
    2. Trinh, Long Q., 2016. "Dynamics of Innovation and Internationalization among Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Viet Nam," ADBI Working Papers 580, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    3. Goya, Daniel, 2014. "Política industrial: Qué es, por qué es necesaria, y su pasado, presente y futuro en Chile
      [Industrial policy: What is it, why it is necessary, and its past, present and future in Chile]
      ," MPRA Paper 64881, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Fábio Batista & José Eduardo Matos & Miguel Costa Matos, 2017. "Assessing the Competitiveness of the Portuguese Footwear Sector," GEE Papers 0066, Gabinete de Estratégia e Estudos, Ministério da Economia, revised Feb 2017.
    5. Naqeeb Ur Rehman, 2017. "Self-selection and learning-by-exporting hypotheses: micro-level evidence," Eurasian Economic Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 7(1), pages 133-160, April.
    6. Daniel Gonçalves & Ana Martins, 2016. "The Determinants of TFP Growth in the Portuguese Manufacturing Sector," GEE Papers 0062, Gabinete de Estratégia e Estudos, Ministério da Economia, revised Nov 2016.
    7. Blyde, Juan & Iberti, Gonzalo & Mussini, Micaela, 2015. "When does Innovation Matter for Exporting?," MPRA Paper 61574, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    exports; innovation; productivity; R&D;


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