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Minijobs nach Einführung des Mindestlohns – Eine Bestandsaufnahme

Author

Listed:
  • Bachmann Ronald

    (RWI, Hohenzollernstraße 1–3, 45128 Essen Germany, Tel.: (0201) 8149–220)

  • Dürig Wolfgang

    (RWI; Essen Germany)

  • Frings Hanna

    (RWI und IZA; Essen Germany)

  • Höckel Lisa Sofie

    (RWI und RUB Essen Germany)

  • Flores Fernanda Martinez

    (RWI und RUB Essen Germany)

Abstract

Der vorliegende Artikel nutzt zwei Befragungen unter Arbeitnehmern und Arbeitgebern im Bereich der geringfügigen Beschäftigung für eine aktuelle Bestandsaufnahme der Minijobs und vergleicht die Ergebnisse mit der Situation vor Einführung des gesetzlichen Mindestlohns. Im Vordergrund stehen hierbei die Arbeitsstunden, der Stundenlohn, Gründe für die Aufnahme bzw. für das Angebot von Minijobs sowie die Arbeitsqualität in Form von Gewährung gesetzlich vorgeschriebener Leistungen, wie z. B. die Entgeltfortzahlung im Krankheitsfall. Insgesamt ergibt sich ein vielschichtiges Bild: Einerseits zeigen sich deutliche Verbesserungen bei den Löhnen und der Leistungsgewährung, und viele geringfügig Beschäftigte sind offenbar mit ihrem Minijob zufrieden. Andererseits sind auch nach Einführung des Mindestlohns noch Löhne unter 8,50 Euro zu beobachten, und die Sprungbrettfunktion von Minijobs hat weiter an Bedeutung verloren.

Suggested Citation

  • Bachmann Ronald & Dürig Wolfgang & Frings Hanna & Höckel Lisa Sofie & Flores Fernanda Martinez, 2017. "Minijobs nach Einführung des Mindestlohns – Eine Bestandsaufnahme," Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik, De Gruyter, vol. 66(3), pages 209-237, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:lus:zwipol:v:66:y:2017:i:3:p:209-237:n:1
    DOI: 10.1515/zfwp-2017-0014
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Eichhorst, Werner & Hinz, Tina & Marx, Paul & Peichl, Andreas & Pestel, Nico & Siegloch, Sebastian & Thode, Eric & Tobsch, Verena, 2012. "Geringfügige Beschäftigung: Situation und Gestaltungsoptionen," IZA Research Reports 47, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    2. Christina Klenner & Tanja Schmidt, 2012. "Minijobs - eine riskante Beschäftigungsform beim normativen Übergang zum 'Adult-Worker-Model'," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 436, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    3. Pusch, Toralf & Seifert, Harmut, 2017. "Mindestlohngesetz: Für viele Minijobber weiterhin nur Minilöhne," WSI Policy Briefs 9, The Institute of Economic and Social Research (WSI), Hans Böckler Foundation.
    4. Berthold, Norbert & Coban, Mustafa, 2013. "Mini- und Midijobs in Deutschland: Lohnsubventionierung ohne Beschäftigungseffekte?," Discussion Paper Series 119, Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg, Chair of Economic Order and Social Policy.
    5. Richard Dickens & Alan Manning, 2004. "Spikes and spill-overs: The impact of the national minimum wage on the wage distribution in a low-wage sector," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 114(494), pages 95-101, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Backhaus, Teresa & Müller, Kai-Uwe, 2019. "Does the German minimum wage benefit low income households?," VfS Annual Conference 2019 (Leipzig): 30 Years after the Fall of the Berlin Wall - Democracy and Market Economy 203585, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    2. Matthias Collischon & Kamila Cygan-Rehm & Regina T. Riphahn, 2018. "Employment Effects of Payroll Tax Subsidies," CESifo Working Paper Series 7111, CESifo.
    3. Caliendo, Marco & Fedorets, Alexandra & Preuss, Malte & Schröder, Carsten & Wittbrodt, Linda, 2018. "The short-run employment effects of the German minimum wage reform," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 46-62.
    4. Caliendo Marco & Wittbrodt Linda & Schröder Carsten, 2019. "The Causal Effects of the Minimum Wage Introduction in Germany – An Overview," German Economic Review, De Gruyter, vol. 20(3), pages 257-292, August.
    5. Bachmann, Ronald & Boockmann, Bernhard & Cim, Merve & Felder, Rahel & Frings, Hanna & Janisch, Laura M. & Schaffner, Sandra & Späth, Jochen & Tamm, Marcus, 2018. "Vergleich von Datenquellen für eine Analyse von Übergängen am Arbeitsmarkt: Studie im Auftrag der Mindestlohnkommission," RWI Projektberichte, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, number 180217, November.
    6. Bachmann, Ronald & Bonin, Holger & Boockmann, Bernhard & Demir, Gökay & Felder, Rahel & Isphording, Ingo E. & Kalweit, René & Laub, Natalie & Vonnahme, Christina & Zimpelmann, Christian, 2020. "Auswirkungen des gesetzlichen Mindestlohns auf Löhne und Arbeitszeiten," IZA Research Reports 96, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    7. Boockmann, Bernhard & Kirchmann, Andrea & Kleinemeier, Rita & Krause-Pilatus, Annabelle & Maier, Anastasia & Nottmeyer, Olga & Reiner, Marcel & Schafstädt, Christin & Scheu, Tobias & Zühlke, Anne & Bo, 2021. "Allgemeiner gesetzlicher Mindestlohn: seine Kontrolle und Durchsetzung sowie bürokratische Kosten für Arbeitgeber," IZA Research Reports 106, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    8. Teresa Backhaus & Kai-Uwe Müller, 2019. "Does the German Minimum Wage Help Low Income Households?: Evidence from Observed Outcomes and the Simulation of Potential Effects," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1805, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    9. Bachmann, Ronald & Bonin, Holger & Boockmann, Bernhard & Demir, Gökay & Felder, Rahel & Isphording, Ingo & Kalweit, René & Laub, Natalie & Vonnahme, Christina & Zimpelmann, Christian, 2020. "Auswirkungen des gesetzlichen Mindestlohns auf Löhne und Arbeitszeiten: Studie im Auftrag der Mindestlohnkommission," RWI Projektberichte, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, number 222998, November.
    10. Burauel Patrick & Grabka Markus M. & Schröder Carsten & Caliendo Marco & Obst Cosima & Preuss Malte, 2020. "The Impact of the Minimum Wage on Working Hours," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 240(2-3), pages 233-267, April.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    J21; J31; J68; marginal employment; labor market policy; minimum wage;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy

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