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Trends in globalization of select Asian countries


  • Sudhanshu K. MISHRA

    () (North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, 91 - 793022, New Delhi, India.)


In this study we have constructed a composite index of globalization of select Asian countries during 1970-2014 by minimizing the Euclidean norm of Shapley values of indicator variables contributing to the overall index. As a consequence, the mean expected marginal contributions of constituent variables to the overall index are approximately equal and thus, the overall composite index represents the constituent variables optimally. We call this index the Almost Equal Marginal Contribution (AEMC) index. We find that AEMC index and the KOF index of globalization are highly correlated (Pearson’s r=0.982). We find that Singapore, Cyprus, Israel, Qatar, Malaysia, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, Kuwait, Bahrain and Japan have done very well and scored above 0.7. At the other end, Yemen, Tajikistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Iran, Nepal and Myanmar have scored below 0.5. Trends in globalization are increasing in general, but the rate of globalization, which accelerated after 1991, lost its momentum after 2007. Disparities in globalization, as measured by Gini coefficient over the countries under study, were more or less constant up to 1985 but after that they started declining. We have found that the index of globalization goes well with other socio-economic measures such as Economic Freedom Index, International Innovation Index, Social Progress Index, Human Development Index and Corruption Perception Index, showing high values of Kendall’s Tau and Spearman’s Rho. Its association with Democracy Index is rather weak but positive. It is almost uncorrelated with the Gender Gap Index. We observe, therefore, that globalization index is moving well with the indices of socio-economic condition in the Asian countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Sudhanshu K. MISHRA, 2017. "Trends in globalization of select Asian countries," Journal of Economic and Social Thought, KSP Journals, vol. 4(4), pages 451-466, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ksp:journ3:v:4:y:2017:i:4:p:451-466

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Feldstein, Martin & Horioka, Charles, 1980. "Domestic Saving and International Capital Flows," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 90(358), pages 314-329, June.
    2. Sudhanshu K. MISHRA, 2016. "BA Note on Construction of a Composite Index by Optimization of Shapley Value Shares of the Constituent Variables," Turkish Economic Review, KSP Journals, vol. 3(3), pages 466-472, September.
    3. Mishra, Sudhanshu K, 2014. "What happens if in the principal component analysis the Pearsonian is replaced by the Brownian coefficient of correlation?," MPRA Paper 56861, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Laura Alfaro & Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan & Vadym Volosovych, 2008. "Why Doesn't Capital Flow from Rich to Poor Countries? An Empirical Investigation," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 90(2), pages 347-368, May.
    5. repec:ksp:journ6:v:4:y:2017:i:4:p:345-353 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Noelia Somarriba & Bernardo Pena, 2009. "Synthetic Indicators of Quality of Life in Europe," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 94(1), pages 115-133, October.
    7. Axel Dreher, 2006. "Does globalization affect growth? Evidence from a new index of globalization," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(10), pages 1091-1110.
    8. Lucas, Robert E, Jr, 1990. "Why Doesn't Capital Flow from Rich to Poor Countries?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(2), pages 92-96, May.
    9. repec:ksp:journ4:v:5:y:2018:i:1:p:46-59 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Sudhanshu K. MISHRA, 2018. "Globalization under hysteresis: A study of Eastern Bloc Countries, China and India," Journal of Social and Administrative Sciences, KSP Journals, vol. 5(1), pages 46-59, March.
    11. Ashok Rudra, 1989. "Emergence of the Intelligentsia as a Ruling Class in India," Indian Economic Review, Department of Economics, Delhi School of Economics, vol. 24(2), pages 155-183, July.
    12. Sudhanshu K. MISHRA, 2017. "Measuring degree of globalization of African Countries on almost equimarginal contribution principle," Journal of Economics Bibliography, KSP Journals, vol. 4(4), pages 345-353, December.
    13. Petra Vujakovic, 2010. "How to Measure Globalisation? A New Globalisation Index (NGI)," FIW Working Paper series 046, FIW.
    14. Parisa SAMIMI & Guan Choo LIM & Abdul Aziz BUANG, 2011. "Globalization Measurement: Notes on Common Globalization Indexes," Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology,, vol. 1(7), pages 1-20, December.
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    More about this item


    Globalization; Synthetic index; Asian countries; Shapley values; Equi-marginal contribution.;

    JEL classification:

    • C43 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Index Numbers and Aggregation
    • C71 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Cooperative Games
    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • F60 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - General
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East


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