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Population, Technology and Social Inequality: The Impact of the Dynamic Trio on Climate Change and Sustainable Development in Nigeria


  • John Lekan Oyefara

    () (University of Lagos, Nigeria.)


The issues around climate change have remained at the centre of developmental discourse most especially in the past two decades for obvious reasons. Human activities such as burning of fossil fuels, coal and various energy-related emissions from bush burning, cooking and usage of various machines that produce smoke result in the building up of greenhouse gases (GHGs), such as carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, chlorofluorocarbon and methane in the atmosphere, lead to global warming of the earth surface and rising sea levels with devastating consequences that threaten the existence of humanity and earth. The paper examines the nexus between population, technology, social inequality and climate change in Nigeria. To achieve these objectives, eclectic research methodology was adopted using documentary secondary data. The theoretical underpinning of the paper was derived from the integration of biological, economic and social models as explanatory tools. The paper observed and posited that the interactions between population growth rate and size with evolution and diffusion of technology across cultures and entrenched social inequalities are major factors responsible for rapid climate change and its associated consequences. In Nigeria, the effects of climate change are already being felt with unprecedented floods, rendering many people homeless, devastating massive farmlands and population dislocation. Using the UNFPA’s framework of agenda, the paper suggests that the current Nigerian national population growth rate should be contained, the lifestyles most especially the adoption and utilization of technology should be modified, social inequality should be reduced, while various laws on environmental sustainability should be strictly enforced.

Suggested Citation

  • John Lekan Oyefara, 2013. "Population, Technology and Social Inequality: The Impact of the Dynamic Trio on Climate Change and Sustainable Development in Nigeria," KASBIT Business Journals, Khadim Ali Shah Bukhari Institute of Technology (KASBIT), vol. 6, pages 74-86, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ksb:journl:v:6:y:2013:p:74-86

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. World Bank, 2000. "World Development Indicators 2000," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13828.
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    More about this item


    Population; Technology; Social Inequality; Climate Change; Nigeria.;

    JEL classification:

    • K32 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Energy, Environmental, Health, and Safety Law
    • N5 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries
    • P28 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Natural Resources; Environment
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth


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