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Mobilitás, bizonytalanság és szubjektív jóllét Magyarországon
[Mobility, uncertainty and subjective welfare in Hungary]

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  • Molnár, György

    ()

  • Kapitány, Zsuzsa

    ()

Abstract

Az elégedettséget (szubjektív jóllétet) meghatározó tényezők között fontos szerepet játszik a jövedelmi mobilitás. Az egyes emberek jövedelmi pozícióik változását általában nem jövedelmi szintjük, hanem relatív helyzetük változása alapján ítélik meg. Tanulmányunkban ezért elsősorban a relatív jövedelmi mobilitás objektív és szubjektív mutatóinak az elégedettségre gyakorolt hatását elemezzük a 2000-2002 közötti időszakban, amikor rendkívül magas volt a reáljövedelmek növekedési üteme. Eredményeink azt igazolják, hogy Magyarországon a vizsgált időszakban a jövedelmükben felfelé mobil háztartások esetében a relatív jövedelmi pozíció emelkedése nem járt többletelégedettséggel, a javuló relatív helyzetűek kevésbé voltak elégedettek, mint amit elért jövedelmi szintjük indokolt volna. Ez a helyzet elsősorban az objektív változók bizonytalansága miatt áll elő, amikor a növekvő jövedelműek nem számítanak a pozitív trendek folytatódására. A marginális munkaerő-piaci helyzetben lévők jövedelmüktől függetlenül elégedetlenebbek, mint a többiek, és ez az elégedetlenség az érintettek más helyzetben lévő családtagjaira is átterjed. Ez a kör együttesen a magyar népesség közel egyharmadát teszi ki. A negatív munkaerő-piaci várakozások szintén az elégedettséget csökkentő tényezők. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: D12, D63, I31, P36.

Suggested Citation

  • Molnár, György & Kapitány, Zsuzsa, 2006. "Mobilitás, bizonytalanság és szubjektív jóllét Magyarországon
    [Mobility, uncertainty and subjective welfare in Hungary]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(10), pages 845-872.
  • Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:872
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Karoly Fazekas & Zsombor Cseres-Gergely & Agota Scharle (ed.), 2008. "The Hungarian Labour Market 2008," The Hungarian Labour Market Yearbooks, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, number 2008, Summer.
    2. Molnár, György & Kapitány, Zsuzsa, 2014. "Miért elégedetlenek annyira a magyarok az életükkel?. A szubjektív jóllétet befolyásoló tényezők mikroszintű összehasonlító elemzése magyar és osztrák adatokon
      [Why are Hungarians dissatisfied?. A
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(6), pages 637-671.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • P36 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty

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