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Mobilitás, bizonytalanság és szubjektív jóllét Magyarországon
[Mobility, uncertainty and subjective welfare in Hungary]

  • Molnár, György

    ()

  • Kapitány, Zsuzsa

    ()

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    Az elégedettséget (szubjektív jóllétet) meghatározó tényezők között fontos szerepet játszik a jövedelmi mobilitás. Az egyes emberek jövedelmi pozícióik változását általában nem jövedelmi szintjük, hanem relatív helyzetük változása alapján ítélik meg. Tanulmányunkban ezért elsősorban a relatív jövedelmi mobilitás objektív és szubjektív mutatóinak az elégedettségre gyakorolt hatását elemezzük a 2000-2002 közötti időszakban, amikor rendkívül magas volt a reáljövedelmek növekedési üteme. Eredményeink azt igazolják, hogy Magyarországon a vizsgált időszakban a jövedelmükben felfelé mobil háztartások esetében a relatív jövedelmi pozíció emelkedése nem járt többletelégedettséggel, a javuló relatív helyzetűek kevésbé voltak elégedettek, mint amit elért jövedelmi szintjük indokolt volna. Ez a helyzet elsősorban az objektív változók bizonytalansága miatt áll elő, amikor a növekvő jövedelműek nem számítanak a pozitív trendek folytatódására. A marginális munkaerő-piaci helyzetben lévők jövedelmüktől függetlenül elégedetlenebbek, mint a többiek, és ez az elégedetlenség az érintettek más helyzetben lévő családtagjaira is átterjed. Ez a kör együttesen a magyar népesség közel egyharmadát teszi ki. A negatív munkaerő-piaci várakozások szintén az elégedettséget csökkentő tényezők. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: D12, D63, I31, P36.

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    Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

    Volume (Year): LIII (2006)
    Issue (Month): 10 ()
    Pages: 845-872

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    Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:872
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.kszemle.hu

    Order Information: Postal: Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) Budapest, Budaörsi út 45., 1112, Hungary
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