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Miért elégedetlenek annyira a magyarok az életükkel?. A szubjektív jóllétet befolyásoló tényezők mikroszintű összehasonlító elemzése magyar és osztrák adatokon
[Why are Hungarians dissatisfied?. A micro-level comparative analysis based on Hungarian and Austrian data on subjective well-being]

Author

Listed:
  • Molnár, György
  • Kapitány, Zsuzsa

Abstract

Az ország fejlettségi szintjéhez képest a magyarok kirívóan elégedetlenek az életükkel. Eközben Ausztria, mellyel sok a kulturális és történelmi hasonlóság, az elégedettségi listák élmezőnyéhez tartozik. Magyar és osztrák háztartási szintű adatokon becsülve a szubjektív jóllétet meghatározó tényezők hatását, megállapítottuk, hogy a magyarok szubjektív jóllétét leginkább a rossz egészségi állapot rontja. Magyarországon a szakmunkásvégzettség egyáltalán nem növeli a szubjektív jóllétet, csak a felsőfokú végzettségnek van markáns hatása. Ausztriában viszont már a szakmunkásvégzettség is növeli az elégedettséget. Ott erősebb a pár-, a rokoni és a baráti kapcsolatok ilyen irányú hatása is. A munkanélküliség a jövedelemhatáson túl is rontja a szubjektív jóllétet, és ez a hatás, Ausztriával ellentétben, továbbterjed a családtagokra. Ennek oka lehet az, hogy meginoghat a lakhatás biztonsága, ami Ausztriában részben a nagyobb bérlakásszektor miatt nem következik be. A magyar vállalkozók átlagosnál nagyobb elégedettsége nagy valószínűséggel az eltitkolt jövedelem következménye. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: I31, I14, C25, D60, O57.

Suggested Citation

  • Molnár, György & Kapitány, Zsuzsa, 2014. "Miért elégedetlenek annyira a magyarok az életükkel?. A szubjektív jóllétet befolyásoló tényezők mikroszintű összehasonlító elemzése magyar és osztrák adatokon [Why are Hungarians dissatisfied?. A ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(6), pages 637-671.
  • Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:1485
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • D60 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - General
    • O5 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies

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