The Poor Health Status of the Hungarians; Comparative Macro-Analysis of the Likely Explanatory Factors on Hungarian and Austrian Data, 1960-2004
In Hungary, the health status of working age men is extremely bad in comparison with working age men in both developed market economies and neighboring transition countries. The study, based on data between 1960 and 2004, intends to discover the reasons for this peculiar situation by investigating the health status of the population in Hungary and Austria with health-production functions on a macro level and by making comparisons. The rationale for comparison of these very countries is the territorial closeness and the long mutual past. The mortality rate of the working age population (15–60 years old) is considered a proxy variable for health status. According to this indicator, health status in the two countries was at the same level in 1960s, but started to diverge around 1970. As an explanatory variable, indicators of life style, long-term economic development, healthcare resources and the situation in the labor market are taken into account. The results reveal that the poor health of the adult male population of Hungary can primarily be explained by high levels of prolonged alcohol consumption, heavy smoking and widespread self-exploitative excess work in the hidden economy, especially during the period of socialism. In Austria, alcohol consumption, and smoking are also relevant factors, but with much less effect than in Hungary.
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Schneider, Friedrich, 2005.
"Shadow economies around the world: what do we really know?,"
European Journal of Political Economy,
Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 598-642, September.
- Friedrich Schneider, 2004. "Shadow Economies around the World: What do we really know?," IAW Discussion Papers 16, Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW).
- Fishlow, Albert & Friedman, Jorge, 1994. "Tax evasion, inflation and stabilization," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 105-123, February.
- Bobak, Martin & Pikhart, Hynek & Rose, Richard & Hertzman, Clyde & Marmot, Michael, 2000. "Socioeconomic factors, material inequalities, and perceived control in self-rated health: cross-sectional data from seven post-communist countries," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 51(9), pages 1343-1350, November.
- Ana Poças & Elias Soukiazis, 2010. "Health Status Determinants in the OECD Countries. A Panel Data Approach with Endogenous Regressors," GEMF Working Papers 2010-04, GEMF, Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra.
- Ana Pocas & Elias Soukiazis, 2011. "Health Status Determinants in the OECD Countries. A Panel Data Approach with Endogenous Regressors," ERSA conference papers ersa10p749, European Regional Science Association.
- repec:cai:poeine:pope_201_0157 is not listed on IDEAS
- Siegrist, Johannes, 2000. "Place, social exchange and health: proposed sociological framework," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 51(9), pages 1283-1293, November. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)