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A mezőgazdasági termelés szerkezetének változásai a fejlett országokban, I. Miért a családi gazdaság a meghatározó üzemforma a fejlett országok mezőgazdaságában?
[Changes in the structure of agricultural production in the developed countries. Part I. Why are family farms the dominant business form?]

Listed author(s):
  • Fertő, Imre


A tanulmány a mezőgazdasági üzemszervezetek problémáját vizsgálja a fejlett országok agrárgazdaságában. A mezőgazdasági szerkezetben végbement koncentráció ellenére a családi gazdaságok szerepe meghatározó maradt. Hasonlóan fontos jelenség a részmunkaidős vagy többfoglalkozású farmok stabil és jelentős aránya, illetve a nagyszámú kisméretű gazdaság fennmaradása. Ezek a tények kétségbe vonják azokat a marxista ihletésű előrejelzéseket, hogy a mezőgazdaságban az iparhoz hasonló, hierarchizált üzemszervezetű, bérmunkán alapuló üzemek lesznek a meghatározók. A tanulmányban bemutatott elméletek elsősorban a munkaerő oldaláról elemezték a különböző üzemtípusokat. A Schmitt-modell a családi gazdaságok fennmaradásának okaként egyrészt a bérmunka alkalmazásához kapcsolódó tranzakciós költségeket, illetve a bérmunka alacsonyabb képzettségét jelölte meg. Allen és Lueck modellje rámutat arra, hogy a mezőgazdasági termelés természete korlátozza a specializációból fakadó hasznokat. Másrészt hangsúlyozza a mezőgazdasági ágazatok termelési technológiájának eltéréseit, amelyek az üzemszervezet választásában is megjelennek. A tanulmány II. része az üzemnagyság kérdését tárgyalja.* Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: Q12.

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Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

Volume (Year): XLIX (2002)
Issue (Month): 7 ()
Pages: 574-596

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Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:546
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Order Information: Postal: Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) Budapest, Budaörsi út 45., 1112, Hungary
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  1. James Roumasset & Marilou Uy, 1987. "Agency Costs and the Agricultural Firm," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 63(3), pages 290-302.
  2. Christopher A. Wolf & Daniel A. Sumner, 2001. "Are Farm Size Distributions Bimodal? Evidence from Kernel Density Estimates of Dairy Farm Size Distributions," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 83(1), pages 77-88.
  3. Stephan J. Goetz & David L. Debertin, 1996. "Rural Population Decline in the 1980s: Impacts of Farm Structure and Federal Farm Programs," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 78(3), pages 517-529.
  4. Dong, Xiao-yuan & Dow, Gregory K, 1993. "Monitoring Costs in Chinese Agricutural Teams," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(3), pages 539-553, June.
  5. Evenson, R.E. & Kimhi, A. & DeSilva, S., 2000. "Supervision and Transaction Costs: Evidence from Rice Farms in Bicol, the Philippines," Papers 814, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
  6. A. J. Errington & L. Harrison Mayfield & Y. Khatri & R. Townsend, 1997. "Estimating the price elasticity of demand for family and hired farm labour in England and Wales," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(12), pages 1561-1574.
  7. Frisvold, George B., 1994. "Does supervision matter? Some hypothesis tests using Indian farm-level data," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 217-238, April.
  8. H. Fred Gale, 1993. "Why Did the Number of Young Farm Entrants Decline?," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 75(1), pages 138-146.
  9. Dawson, P. J., 1988. "Labour on the Family Farm: a Theory under Uncertainty," Agricultural Economics of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 1(4), January.
  10. Raup, Philip M., 1986. "Family Farming: Rhetoric And Reality," Staff Papers 13747, University of Minnesota, Department of Applied Economics.
  11. Dawson, P. J., 1988. "Labour on the family farm: A theory under uncertainty," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 1(4), pages 365-380, January.
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