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Külföldi működőtőke és külső eladósodás. Kísérlet a makrogazdasági tőkestruktúra új szempontú vizsgálatára
[Foreign operating capital and foreign indebtedness. An attempt to examine macroeconomic capital structure from a new angle]

Author

Listed:
  • Bélyácz, Iván

    ()

  • Kuti, Mónika

    ()

Abstract

A cikk kísérletet tesz a makrogazdasági tőkeszerkezet vállalati szemléletű vizsgálatára, támaszkodva a vállalatfinanszírozás tőkestruktúra-elméleteire és elemzési kereteire. Az átváltáselmélet makroszinten a külső adósság fogyasztást simító hatása és csődkockázata közötti választással állítható párhuzamba; a hierarchiaelmélet a globális forrásáramok bevonási sorrendjére alkalmazható; a szabad pénzáram elmélete az adósság fegyelmező erejét hangsúlyozza. Mindezek jelentősége makroszinten a hitelválság és az IMF-csomag kapcsán nyilvánvalóvá vált. Makrogazdasági adatok meggyőzően bizonyítják, hogy egységnyi GDP-re jutó összes külföldről bevont tőke nagysága - az utóbbi évtizedben - gyorsuló ütemben növekszik, s a kibontakozott eladósodási folyamat következtében nem érvényesülnek a stabil gazdasági növekedés/működés fontos feltételei. A szerzők annak igazolására törekszenek, hogy emiatt áthidalhatatlan hatékonysági rés keletkezik a bevont külső források hasznosulásában. Bár a hazai gazdaságpolitikai döntéshozók tartósan biztosak az egyre növekvő külső adósság zavartalan kezelhetőségében, mégis hiba volna figyelmen kívül hagyni azokat a makrogazdasági működési anomáliákat, amelyek nyomán a hatékonysági rés egyre tágul. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: F21, F34.

Suggested Citation

  • Bélyácz, Iván & Kuti, Mónika, 2009. "Külföldi működőtőke és külső eladósodás. Kísérlet a makrogazdasági tőkestruktúra új szempontú vizsgálatára
    [Foreign operating capital and foreign indebtedness. An attempt to examine macroeconomic c
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(2), pages 133-154.
  • Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:1078
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Cited by:

    1. Bélyácz, Iván & Kuti, Mónika, 2012. "A makrogazdaság fenntartható finanszírozási pályájának elérhetőségéről
      [Achieving a sustainable financing path for the macro economy]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(7), pages 781-797.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems

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