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Tarifverträge – nein danke!? Ausmaß und Einflussfaktoren der Tarifbindung west- und ostdeutscher Betriebe / Collective Agreements - No Thanks!? Extent and Determinants of Firms’ Bargaining Coverage in Western and Eastern Germany

Author

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  • Kohaut Susanne

    () (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung der Bundesanstalt für Arbeit, Regensburger Straße 104, D-90478 Nürnberg)

  • Schnabel Claus

    () (Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Volkswirtschaftliches Institut, Lange Gasse 20, D-90403 Nürnberg)

Abstract

An empirical analysis with representative data from the IAB establishment panel shows that in 2000 just one out of two establishments in western Germany and only one out of four establishments in eastern Germany were covered by industry-wide or firm-specific collective agreements. Industry-wide coverage rates have fallen in recent years. Theoretical explanations point, inter alia, to transaction cost considerations and to micro- and macroeconomic changes. Econometricanalyses indicate that the probability of being bound by a collective agreement rises with establishment size and with the share of qualified employees. Branch plants are more likely, family-name firms and newly founded firms are less likely to be bound by such agreements. Larger establishments, branch plants and establishments with works councils are also less likely to withdraw from industry-wide agreements.

Suggested Citation

  • Kohaut Susanne & Schnabel Claus, 2003. "Tarifverträge – nein danke!? Ausmaß und Einflussfaktoren der Tarifbindung west- und ostdeutscher Betriebe / Collective Agreements - No Thanks!? Extent and Determinants of Firms’ Bargaining Coverage in," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 223(3), pages 312-331, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:jns:jbstat:v:223:y:2003:i:3:p:312-331
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Richard B. Freeman & Robert S. Gibbons, 1995. "Getting Together and Breaking Apart: The Decline of Centralized Collective Bargaining," NBER Chapters,in: Differences and Changes in Wage Structures, pages 345-370 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    6. Lindbeck, Assar & Snower, Dennis J., 2001. "Centralized bargaining and reorganized work: Are they compatible?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(10), pages 1851-1875, December.
    7. Franz, Wolfgang & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2001. "Tarifbindung und die ökonomische Rationalität von Lohnrigiditäten," ZEW Discussion Papers 01-01, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    8. Lars Calmfors, 1993. "Centralisation of Wage Bargaining and Macroeconomic Performance: A Survey," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 131, OECD Publishing.
    9. Kaiser, Ulrich & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2000. "Tarifverträge und Beschäftigungspolitik in Dienstleistungsunternehmen," ZEW Discussion Papers 00-34, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. John T. Addison & Alex Bryson & Paulino Teixeira & André Pahnke, 2011. "Slip Sliding Away: Further Union Decline In Germany And Britain," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 58(4), pages 490-518, September.
    2. Brixy, Udo & Kohaut, Susanne & Schnabel, Claus, 2004. "How fast do newly founded firms mature? Empirical analyses on job quality in start-ups," Discussion Papers 30, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
    3. Boris Hirsch & Claus Schnabel, 2012. "Women Move Differently: Job Separations and Gender," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, vol. 33(4), pages 417-442, December.
    4. Bechmann, Sebastian & Dahms, Vera & Fischer, Agnes & Frei, Marek & Leber, Ute & Möller, Iris, 2011. "Beschäftigung, Arbeit und Unternehmertum in deutschen Kleinbetrieben : Ergebnisse aus dem IAB-Betriebspanel 2010," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201107, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    5. John T. Addison & Alex Bryson & Paulino Teixeira & André Pahnke & Lutz Bellmann, 2011. "The Demise of a Model? The State of Collective Bargaining and Worker Representation in Germany," GEMF Working Papers 2011-09, GEMF, Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra.
    6. Brussig, Martin & Erlinghagen, Marcel, 2004. "Entlassungen und Kündigungen in den Neuen Bundesländern: Austrittsmobilität auf dem ostdeutschen Arbeitsmarkt in den 1990er Jahren," Graue Reihe des Instituts Arbeit und Technik 2004-01, Institut Arbeit und Technik (IAT), Westfälische Hochschule, University of Applied Sciences.
    7. Robert Orlowski & Regina T. Riphahn, 2009. "The East German wage structure after transition," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 17(4), pages 629-659, October.
    8. Addison, John T. & Bryson, Alex & Teixeira, Paulino & Pahnke, André & Bellmann, Lutz, 2010. "The State of Collective Bargaining and Worker Representation in Germany: The Erosion Continues," IZA Discussion Papers 5030, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    9. Uwe Jirjahn, 2015. "Research on Trade Unions and Collective Bargaining in Germany: The Contribution of Labor Economics," Research Papers in Economics 2015-10, University of Trier, Department of Economics.

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