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Tarifverträge – nein danke!? Ausmaß und Einflussfaktoren der Tarifbindung west- und ostdeutscher Betriebe / Collective Agreements - No Thanks!? Extent and Determinants of Firms’ Bargaining Coverage in Western and Eastern Germany

  • Kohaut Susanne

    ()

    (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung der Bundesanstalt für Arbeit, Regensburger Straße 104, D-90478 Nürnberg)

  • Schnabel Claus

    ()

    (Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Volkswirtschaftliches Institut, Lange Gasse 20, D-90403 Nürnberg)

An empirical analysis with representative data from the IAB establishment panel shows that in 2000 just one out of two establishments in western Germany and only one out of four establishments in eastern Germany were covered by industry-wide or firm-specific collective agreements. Industry-wide coverage rates have fallen in recent years. Theoretical explanations point, inter alia, to transaction cost considerations and to micro- and macroeconomic changes. Econometricanalyses indicate that the probability of being bound by a collective agreement rises with establishment size and with the share of qualified employees. Branch plants are more likely, family-name firms and newly founded firms are less likely to be bound by such agreements. Larger establishments, branch plants and establishments with works councils are also less likely to withdraw from industry-wide agreements.

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Article provided by De Gruyter in its journal Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik).

Volume (Year): 223 (2003)
Issue (Month): 3 (June)
Pages: 312-331

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Handle: RePEc:jns:jbstat:v:223:y:2003:i:3:p:312-331
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  1. Cahuc, Pierre & Kramarz, Francis, 1997. "Voice and Loyalty as a Delegation of Authority: A Model and a Test on Matched Worker-Firm Panels," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(4), pages 658-88, October.
  2. Lindbeck, Assar & Snower, Dennis J., 2001. "Centralized bargaining and reorganized work: Are they compatible?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(10), pages 1851-1875, December.
  3. Richard B. Freeman & Robert Gibbons, 1993. "Getting Together and Breaking Apart: The Decline of Centralised Collective Bargaining," NBER Working Papers 4464, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Kaiser, Ulrich & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2000. "Tarifverträge und Beschäftigungspolitik in Dienstleistungsunternehmen," ZEW Discussion Papers 00-34, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  5. Richard B. Freeman & Lawrence F. Katz, 1995. "Differences and Changes in Wage Structures," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number free95-1, September.
  6. Lars Calmfors, 2001. "Wages and Wage-Bargaining Institutions in the Emu : A Survey of the Issues," CESifo Working Paper Series 520, CESifo Group Munich.
  7. Harry C. Katz, 1993. "The Decentralization of Collective Bargaining: A Literature Review and Comparative Analysis," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 47(1), pages 3-22, October.
  8. Franz, Wolfgang & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2001. "Tarifbindung und die ökonomische Rationalität von Lohnrigiditäten," ZEW Discussion Papers 01-01, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  9. Moene, K.O. & Wallerstein, M. & Hoel, M., 1992. "Bargaining Structure and Economic Performance," Memorandum 10/1992, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
  10. Lars Calmfors, 1993. "Centralisation of Wage Bargaining and Macroeconomic Performance: A Survey," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 131, OECD Publishing.
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