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Tarifliche Öffnungsklauseln : Verbreitung, Inanspruchnahme und Bedeutung

  • Kohaut, Susanne
  • Schnabel, Claus

Bei einer repräsentativen Befragung im Rahmen des IAB-Betriebspanels 2005 gaben 13 Prozent der Betriebe mit Tarifbindung an, dass für sie Öffnungsklauseln im Tarifvertrag bestehen (viele weitere wussten darüber nicht Bescheid). Rund die Hälfte dieser Betriebe hatte davon Gebrauch gemacht. Unter den genutzten Öffnungsklauseln dominierten solche zur Arbeitszeitanpassung, während Öffnungsklauseln zur Absenkung der (nominalen oder realen) Entlohnung deutlich seltener in Anspruch genommen wurden. Betriebe mit einer guten oder sehr guten Ertragslage machten seltener Gebrauch von Öffnungsklauseln beider Art. Durch eine bessere Aufklärung der Betriebe über bestehende Öffnungsklauseln sowie durch deren verstärkte Einführung könnten die Tarifparteien die Akzeptanz des deutschen Lohnfindungssystems verbessern und die Tarifflucht bremsen.

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Paper provided by Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 41.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:faulre:41
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.arbeitsmarkt.wiso.uni-erlangen.de/english-version/

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  1. Wolf Dieter Heinbach, 2005. "Impact of Opening Clauses on Bargained Wages," IAW Discussion Papers 22, Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW).
  2. Schnabel, Claus, 2005. "Gewerkschaften und Arbeitgeberverbände: Organisationsgrade, Tarifbindung und Einflüsse auf Löhne und Beschäftigung," Discussion Papers 34, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  3. Richard B. Freeman & Robert Gibbons, 1993. "Getting Together and Breaking Apart: The Decline of Centralised Collective Bargaining," NBER Working Papers 4464, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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