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Gewerkschaften und Arbeitgeberverbände: Organisationsgrade, Tarifbindung und Einflüsse auf Löhne und Beschäftigung

  • Schnabel, Claus

Gewerkschaften und Arbeitgeberverbände spielen in Deutschland nicht nur bei der Lohnfindung, sondern auch in sozialpolitischen und arbeitsrechtlichen Fragen eine wichtige Rolle. Während die Mehrheit der Firmen in Arbeitgeberverbänden organisiert ist, sind weniger als ein Viertel der Beschäftigten Mitglied einer Gewerkschaft. Beide Sozialpartner haben große Probleme, neue Mitglieder zu gewinnen und bestehende zu halten. Ihre Organisationsgrade weisen ebenso rückläufige Tendenz auf wie die Tarifbindung. Trotz dieser Erosion sind tarifvertragliche Regelungen immer noch direkt oder indirekt für fünf von sechs Beschäftigten von Bedeutung, da (Flächen-)Tarifverträge auch für nicht formal tarifgebundene Unternehmen einen wichtigen Anker der Lohnsetzung darstellen. Empirische Studien zeigen, dass die Tarifvertragsparteien und die kollektive Lohnfindung einen signifikanten Einfluss auf die effektiv gezahlten Löhne aufweisen. Meldungen über eine abnehmende Tariftreue und eine Verbandsabstinenz der Unternehmen deuten jedoch darauf hin, dass die Gestaltungsmacht der Tarifvertragsparteien mehr und mehr bedroht ist.

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Paper provided by Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 34.

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Date of creation: 2005
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:faulre:34
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.arbeitsmarkt.wiso.uni-erlangen.de/english-version/

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  1. Brixy, Udo & Kohaut, Susanne & Schnabel, Claus, 2004. "Do newly founded firms pay lower wages? : first evidence from Germany," IAB Discussion Paper 200404, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  2. Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2003. "Trade union membership in Eastern and Western Germany: convergence or divergence?," Discussion Papers 18, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  3. Karl Brenke, 2004. "Ostdeutsche Industrie: weitgehende Abkehr von der kollektiven Lohnfindung," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 71(13), pages 152-158.
  4. Knoppik, Christoph & Beissinger, Thomas, 2001. "How Rigid are Nominal Wages? Evidence and Implications for Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 357, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Richard B. Freeman & Lawrence F. Katz, 1995. "Differences and Changes in Wage Structures," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number free95-1, June.
  6. Kölling, Arnd & Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2002. "Establishment Age and Wages: Evidence from German Linked Employer-Employee Data," IZA Discussion Papers 679, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2003. "Determinants of Trade Union Membership in Western Germany: Evidence from Micro Data, 1980-2000," IZA Discussion Papers 708, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. Ulrich Kaiser & Friedhelm Pfeiffer, 2001. "Collective Wage Agreements and Firms' Employment Policies," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 15(2), pages 317-341, 06.
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