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Imperfect Competition in Financial Markets: An Empirical Study of Island and Nasdaq

Author

Listed:
  • Bruno Biais

    () (Toulouse School of Economics (IDEI, CNRS, CRM), Toulouse University, 31000 Toulouse, France)

  • Christophe Bisière

    () (Toulouse School of Economics (IAE, IDEI, CRM), Toulouse University, 31000 Toulouse, France)

  • Chester Spatt

    () (Tepper School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213)

Abstract

The competition between Island and Nasdaq at the beginning of the century offers a natural laboratory to study competition between and within trading platforms and its consequences for liquidity supply. Our empirical strategy takes advantage of the difference between the pricing grids used on Island and Nasdaq, as well as of the decline in the Nasdaq tick. Using the finer grid prevailing on their market, Island limit order traders undercut Nasdaq quotes, much more than they undercut one another. The drop in the Nasdaq tick size triggered a drop in Island spreads, despite the Island tick already being very thin before Nasdaq decimalization. We also estimate a structural model of liquidity supply and find that Island limit order traders earned rents before Nasdaq decimalization. Our results suggest that perfect competition cannot be taken for granted, even on transparent open limit order books with a very thin pricing grid.

Suggested Citation

  • Bruno Biais & Christophe Bisière & Chester Spatt, 2010. "Imperfect Competition in Financial Markets: An Empirical Study of Island and Nasdaq," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 56(12), pages 2237-2250, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:56:y:2010:i:12:p:2237-2250
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.1100.1243
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Apergis, Nicholas & Voliotis, Dimitrios, 2015. "Spillover effects between lit and dark stock markets: Evidence from a panel of London Stock Exchange transactions," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 101-106.
    2. Friederich, Sylvain & Payne, Richard, 2015. "Order-to-trade ratios and market liquidity," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 214-223.
    3. repec:kap:rqfnac:v:50:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11156-017-0632-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Degryse, H.A. & de Jong, F.C.J.M. & van Kervel, V.L., 2011. "The Impact of Dark and Visible Fragmentation on Market Quality (Replaces CentER Discussion Paper 2011-051)," Discussion Paper 2011-069, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    5. Liu, Hong & Wang, Yajun, 2016. "Market making with asymmetric information and inventory risk," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 163(C), pages 73-109.
    6. Gomber, Peter & Sagade, Satchit & Theissen, Erik & Weber, Moritz Christian & Westheide, Christian, 2013. "Competition/fragmentation in equities markets: A literature survey," SAFE Working Paper Series 35, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe, Goethe University Frankfurt.
    7. Hoffmann, Peter, 2016. "Adverse selection, market access, and inter-market competition," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 108-119.
    8. Hans Degryse & Frank de Jong & Vincent van Kervel, 2015. "The Impact of Dark Trading and Visible Fragmentation on Market Quality," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 19(4), pages 1587-1622.
    9. repec:aea:aecrev:v:107:y:2017:i:11:p:3320-62 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Rahi, Rohit & Zigrand, Jean-Pierre, 2013. "Market quality and contagion in fragmented markets," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 60971, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    11. Foley, Sean & Putniņš, Tālis J., 2016. "Should we be afraid of the dark? Dark trading and market quality," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 122(3), pages 456-481.
    12. repec:bla:jecsur:v:31:y:2017:i:3:p:792-814 is not listed on IDEAS

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