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Optimal Environmental Regulation Intensity of Manufacturing Technology Innovation in View of Pollution Heterogeneity

Author

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  • Yu-Hong Cao

    () (School of Management, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China)

  • Jian-Xin You

    () (School of Management, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China
    School of Economics & Management, Tongji University, Shanghai 200444, China)

  • Hu-Chen Liu

    () (School of Management, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China)

Abstract

Based on panel data of 28 manufacturing industries sectors in 2005–2015 years, this paper first estimated the level of 28 manufacturing industries sectors technological progress, and then, using panel threshold technology, calculated the impact of three environmental regulation change rates on technological progress change rate to analyze the relationship between environmental regulations and technology innovation. The results show that: (1) The influence of the change rates of waste gas, wastewater and solid waste’s environmental regulation intensity towards the change rate of production technological progress has two thresholds. Only the proper change rate of environmental regulation intensity can lead to a desired change rate of production technological progress. However, there are differences in the thresholds of the change rates of three kinds of environmental regulation intensities, and the optimal change rates of waste gas, wastewater and waste solid are 15.07%–55.31%, 17.06%–38.02% and 33.12%–47.99%, respectively. (2) In the change rates of waste gas, wastewater and waste solid’s environmental regulation intensity, there are 8, 10 and 3 industries at a reasonable level, respectively, while others industries are below or above the reasonable level and unable to stimulate technical and management innovation in enterprises. Hence, to achieve a win-win situation between environmental protection and production technological progress, different environmental regulation intensities should be planned according to different pollutants in various manufacturing industries.

Suggested Citation

  • Yu-Hong Cao & Jian-Xin You & Hu-Chen Liu, 2017. "Optimal Environmental Regulation Intensity of Manufacturing Technology Innovation in View of Pollution Heterogeneity," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(7), pages 1-14, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:7:p:1240-:d:104830
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:6:p:2071-:d:153167 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:3:p:921-:d:204985 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:12:p:2323-:d:122721 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    environmental regulation intensity; production technological progress; change rate; threshold;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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