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The Governance of Multi-Use Platforms at Sea for Energy Production and Aquaculture: Challenges for Policy Makers in European Seas

Author

Listed:
  • Marian Stuiver

    () (Alterra Wageningen UR, P.O. Box 47, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands)

  • Katrine Soma

    () (LEI Wageningen UR, P.O. Box 29703, 2502 LS The Hague, The Netherlands)

  • Phoebe Koundouri

    () (School of Economics, Athens University of Economics and Business, 28is Oktovriou 76, 10434 Athens, Greece
    Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment, London School of Economics, Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE, UK
    ICRE8: International ICRE8: Center for Research on the Environment and the Economy, Athens, 48 Aigialias & Epidavrou, str., Maroussi, 15125 Athens, Greece)

  • Sander van den Burg

    () (LEI Wageningen UR, P.O. Box 29703, 2502 LS The Hague, The Netherlands)

  • Alwin Gerritsen

    () (Alterra Wageningen UR, P.O. Box 47, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands)

  • Thorbjørn Harkamp

    () (Musholm A/S ReersøHavn, Strandvejen 101, DK 4281 Gørlev, Denmark)

  • Niels Dalsgaard

    () (Musholm A/S ReersøHavn, Strandvejen 101, DK 4281 Gørlev, Denmark)

  • Fabio Zagonari

    () (Department of Economics, University of Bologna, via Angherà 22, 47921 Rimini, Italy)

  • Raul Guanche

    () (Environmental Hydraulics Institute, IH Cantabria, University of Cantabria, C/Isabel Torres no 15, 39011 Santander, Spain)

  • Jan-Joost Schouten

    () (Deltares, P.O. Box 177, 2600 MH Delft, The Netherlands)

  • Saskia Hommes

    () (Deltares, P.O. Box 177, 2600 MH Delft, The Netherlands)

  • Amerissa Giannouli

    () (School of Economics, Athens University of Economics and Business, 28is Oktovriou 76, 10434 Athens, Greece
    ICRE8: International ICRE8: Center for Research on the Environment and the Economy, Athens, 48 Aigialias & Epidavrou, str., Maroussi, 15125 Athens, Greece)

  • Tore Söderqvist

    () (Enveco Environmental Economics Consultancy, Måsholmsgränd 3, SE-127 48 Skärholmen, Sweden)

  • Lars Rosen

    () (Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, SE-412 96 Göteborg, Sweden)

  • Rita Garção

    () (Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, SE-412 96 Göteborg, Sweden)

  • Jenny Norrman

    () (Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, SE-412 96 Göteborg, Sweden)

  • Christine Röckmann

    () (Institute for Marine Resources & Ecosystem Studies (IMARES) Wageningen UR, P.O. Box 57, 1780 AB Den Helder, The Netherlands)

  • Mark de Bel

    () (Deltares, P.O. Box 177, 2600 MH Delft, The Netherlands)

  • Barbara Zanuttigh

    () (Department of Civil, Chemicals, Environmental and Materials Engineering, University of Bologna—Viale Risorgimento 2, 40136 Bologna, Italy)

  • Ole Petersen

    () (DHI, Agernalle 5, 2970 Horsholm, Denmark)

  • Flemming Møhlenberg

    () (DHI, Agernalle 5, 2970 Horsholm, Denmark)

Abstract

European seas are encountering an upsurge in competing marine activities and infrastructures. Traditional exploitation such as fisheries, tourism, transportation, and oil production are accompanied by new sustainable economic activities such as offshore windfarms, aquaculture, and tidal and wave energy. One proposed solution to overcome possible competing claims at sea lies in combining these economic activities as part of Multi-Use Platforms at Sea (MUPS). MUPS can be understood as areas at sea, designated for a combination of activities, either completely integrated in a platform or in shared marine space. MUPS can potentially benefit from each other in terms of infrastructure, maintenance, etc . Developing MUPS in the marine environment demands adequate governance. In this article, we investigate four European sites to find out how governance arrangements may facilitate or complicate MUPs. In particular, we apply a framework specifying policy, economic, social, technical, environmental, and legal (PESTEL) factors to explore governance arrangements in four case study sites in different sea basins around Europe (the Mediterranean Sea, the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, and the Baltic Sea). The article concludes with policy recommendations on a governance regime for facilitating the development of MUPS in the future.

Suggested Citation

  • Marian Stuiver & Katrine Soma & Phoebe Koundouri & Sander van den Burg & Alwin Gerritsen & Thorbjørn Harkamp & Niels Dalsgaard & Fabio Zagonari & Raul Guanche & Jan-Joost Schouten & Saskia Hommes & Am, 2016. "The Governance of Multi-Use Platforms at Sea for Energy Production and Aquaculture: Challenges for Policy Makers in European Seas," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(4), pages 1-19, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:4:p:333-:d:67670
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Chunlai Chen, 2011. "Foreign Direct Investment in China," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 14100, December.
    2. Alwin L. Gerritsen & Marian Stuiver & Catrien J. A. M. Termeer, 2013. "Knowledge governance: An exploration of principles, impact, and barriers," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 40(5), pages 604-615, March.
    3. Ashley, M.C. & Mangi, S.C. & Rodwell, L.D., 2014. "The potential of offshore windfarms to act as marine protected areas – A systematic review of current evidence," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 301-309.
    4. Hooper, Tara & Austen, Melanie, 2014. "The co-location of offshore windfarms and decapod fisheries in the UK: Constraints and opportunities," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 295-300.
    5. Christie, N. & Smyth, K. & Barnes, R. & Elliott, M., 2014. "Co-location of activities and designations: A means of solving or creating problems in marine spatial planning?," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 254-261.
    6. Silvia Sacchetti & Roger Sugden, 2009. "The Organization of Production and its Publics: Mental Proximity, Market and Hierarchies," Review of Social Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 67(3), pages 289-311.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:rensus:v:80:y:2017:i:c:p:276-289 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:gam:jeners:v:11:y:2018:i:4:p:731-:d:137769 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:gam:jeners:v:11:y:2018:i:3:p:637-:d:136094 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:gam:jeners:v:10:y:2017:i:10:p:1512-:d:113660 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    multi-use platforms; offshore; governance; PESTEL; energy production; aquaculture;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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