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Marine Renewable Energy in the Mediterranean Sea: Status and Perspectives

Author

Listed:
  • Takvor H. Soukissian

    () (Institute of Oceanography, Hellenic Center for Marine Research, 19013 Anavyssos, Greece)

  • Dimitra Denaxa

    () (Institute of Oceanography, Hellenic Center for Marine Research, 19013 Anavyssos, Greece)

  • Flora Karathanasi

    () (Institute of Oceanography, Hellenic Center for Marine Research, 19013 Anavyssos, Greece
    Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Zografos, 15780 Athens, Greece)

  • Aristides Prospathopoulos

    () (Institute of Oceanography, Hellenic Center for Marine Research, 19013 Anavyssos, Greece)

  • Konstantinos Sarantakos

    () (Institute of Oceanography, Hellenic Center for Marine Research, 19013 Anavyssos, Greece)

  • Athanasia Iona

    () (Institute of Oceanography, Hellenic Center for Marine Research, 19013 Anavyssos, Greece)

  • Konstantinos Georgantas

    () (Institute of Oceanography, Hellenic Center for Marine Research, 19013 Anavyssos, Greece)

  • Spyridon Mavrakos

    () (Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Zografos, 15780 Athens, Greece
    Hellenic Center for Marine Research, 19013 Anavyssos, Greece)

Abstract

In this work, an extended overview of the marine renewable energy in the Mediterranean Sea is provided as regards current status, potential problems, challenges, and perspectives of development. An integrated and holistic approach is necessary for the economic viability and sustainability of marine renewable energy projects; this approach comprises three different frameworks, not always aligned, i.e., geotechnical/engineering, socio-economic, and environmental/ecological frameworks. In this context, the geomorphological, climatological, socio-economic, and environmental/ecological particularities of the Mediterranean basin are discussed, as they constitute key issues of the spatial context in which marine renewable energy projects are to be implemented. General guidelines for the sustainable development of marine renewable energy in the Mediterranean are also provided.

Suggested Citation

  • Takvor H. Soukissian & Dimitra Denaxa & Flora Karathanasi & Aristides Prospathopoulos & Konstantinos Sarantakos & Athanasia Iona & Konstantinos Georgantas & Spyridon Mavrakos, 2017. "Marine Renewable Energy in the Mediterranean Sea: Status and Perspectives," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(10), pages 1-56, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:10:y:2017:i:10:p:1512-:d:113660
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    Keywords

    marine renewable energy; ocean energy; offshore wind energy; marine spatial planning; Mediterranean Sea; roadmap for marine energy development;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q47 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy Forecasting
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q49 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Other

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